Advertisement

Brazilian Journal of Botany

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 171–188 | Cite as

Salvinia (Salviniaceae) in southern and southeastern Brazil—including new taxa, new distribution records, and new morphological characters

  • Cecília Vieira MirandaEmail author
  • Pedro Bond Schwartsburd
Original Article
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

In this work, the taxonomic study of Salvinia from the southern and southeastern regions of Brazil is presented. We analyzed materials from herbaria BHCB, BHZB, CAY, CESJ, CVRD, DIAM, ESAL, FLOR, FUEL, FURB, HAS, HB, HBR, HUFU, HURG, ICN, MBM, MBML, OUPR, PACA, R, RB, SJRP, SP, SPF, SPFR, UEC, UPCB, VIC, VIES, plus online images of types, and field studies. In southern and southeastern Brazil, nine taxa of Salvinia occur, of which two are new to science: S. auriculata var. major C.V. Miranda & Schwartsb., var. nov., S. biloba Raddi, S. cucullata Roxb., S. × delasotae C.V. Miranda & Schwartsb., hybr. nov., S. herzogii de la Sota, S. oblongifolia Mart., S. minima Baker, S. molesta D.S. Mitch., and S. radula Baker. Salvinia cucullata and S. × delasotae are cultivated taxa, not occurring naturally. Based on studies of plants from French Guiana, we concluded that S. auriculata s. str. (= S. auriculata var. auriculata) does not occur in southern and southeastern Brazil. Updated nomenclatural headings, descriptions, illustrations, key, and maps of distribution of all taxa are also presented.

Keywords

Aquatic plants Atlantic Forest Giant Salvinia Hybrid Kariba weed 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The senior author thanks Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for the fellowship. All authors would like to thank Programa de Pós-Graduação em Botânica (Universidade Federal de Viçosa) for partly paying the costs of this work, Reinaldo Pinto for the illustrations, and the following people for helping in the field and support: Nayara S. Smith-Braga, Fernanda L. Gotti, Andreza G. da Silva Oliveira, Laura S. Rabelo, Jaquelini Luber, Nelson Túlio L. Pena, Rosana Senna, Eduardo Guatimosim, Ana Rolon, Guilherme M. Naman, Márli de Souza, Ademir Reis, and Ronaldo Vinícius-Silva.

Authors Contributions

CVM conceived and designed the experiments, performed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper. PBS conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, wrote the paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare there are no competing interests.

References

  1. Almeida GW (2009) Avaliação do potencial bioindicador e fitorremediador de Salvinia auriculata Aublet na presença de cádmio e chumbo. Master Thesis, Universidade Federal de Lavras, LavrasGoogle Scholar
  2. Arana MD (2016) Família Salviniaceae Martinov. In: Anton AM, Zuloaga FO, Belgrano MJ, Ponce MM, Arana MD (eds) Flora vascular de la República Argentina 2: Licofitas, Helechos, Gymnospermae. Estudio Sigma S. R. L. and Instituto de Botánica Darwinion, Buenos Aires, pp 343–348Google Scholar
  3. Baker JG (1886) A synopsis of the Rhizocarpeae. J Bot 24:97–101Google Scholar
  4. Barthlott W, Wiersch S, Colic Z, Koch K (2009) Classification of trichome types within species of the water fern Salvinia, and ontogeny of the egg-beater trichomes. Botany 87:830–836.  https://doi.org/10.1139/B09-048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barthlott W, Schimmel T, Wiersch S, Koch K, Brede M, Barczewski M, Walheim S, Weis A, Kaltenmaier A, Leder A, Bohn HF (2010) The Salvinia paradox: superhydrophobic surfaces with hydrophilic pins for air retention under water. Adv Mater 22:2325–2328.  https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200904411 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chandra S (2007) The ferns of India (enumeration, synonyms & distribution). International Book Distributors, Dehra DunGoogle Scholar
  7. Christensen C (1906) Index filicum. H. Hagerup, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  8. Croxdale JG (1978) Salvinia leaves. I. Origin and early differentiation of floating and submerged leaves. Can J Bot 56:1982–1991CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Croxdale JG (1979) Salvinia leaves. II. Morphogenesis of the floating leaves. Can J Bot 57:1951–1959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Croxdale JG (1981) Salvinia leaves. III. Morphogenesis of the submerged leaf. Can J Bot 59:2065–2072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fée ALA (1869) Cryptogames vasculaires du Brésil. Veuve Berger-Levrault & Fils, StrasbourgGoogle Scholar
  12. Forno IW (1983) Native distribution of the Salvinia auriculata complex and keys to species identification. Aquat Bot 17:71–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Forno IW, Harley KLS (1979) The occurrence of Salvinia molesta in Brazil. Aquat Bot 6:185–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Herzog R (1935) Ein Beitrag zur Systematik der Gattung Salvinia. Hedwigia 74:257–284Google Scholar
  15. Hijmans RJ, Guarino L, Bussink C, Mathur P, Cruz M, Barrentes I, Rojas E (2012) DIVA-GIS: a geographic information system for the analysis of species distribution data. Available at: http://www.diva-gis.org
  16. IBGE (2012) Manual Técnico da Vegetação Brasileira. Série Manuais Técnicos em Geociências 1, 2nd edn. IBGE, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  17. Julien MH, Center TD, Tipping PW (2002) Floating Fern (Salvinia). In: Roy VD, Suzanne L, Bernd B, Mark H, Richard R (cords.). Biological Control of invasive plants in the Eastern United States. USDA Forest Service Puvlication, pp 17–32. Available at: https://www.invasive.org/biocontrol/
  18. Khun M (1884) Isoëtaceae, Marsiliaceae, Salviniaceae. In: Martius CFP, Eichler AG (eds) Flora Brasiliensis. F. Fleischer, Leipzig, pp 646–662Google Scholar
  19. Lellinger DB (2002) A modern multilingual glossary for taxonomic pteridology. Pteridologia 3. Amererican Fern Society, AustinGoogle Scholar
  20. Martius CFP (1834) Icones plantarum cryptogamicarum. MunichGoogle Scholar
  21. Mickel JT, Smith AR (2004) The Pteridophytes of Mexico. Mem New York Bot Gard 88:1–1030Google Scholar
  22. Miranda CV, Schwartsburd PB (2016) Aquatic ferns from Viçosa (MG, Brazil): salviniales (Filicopsida; Tracheophyta). Braz J Bot 39:935–942.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40415-016-0284-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mitchell DS (1970) The autecology of Salvina auriculata Aubl. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of London, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Mitchell DS (1972) The Kariba weed: Salvinia molesta. Br Fern Gaz 10:251–252Google Scholar
  25. Mitchell DS (1978) Aquatic weeds in Papua New Guinea. Sci N Guinea 6:154–160Google Scholar
  26. Mitchell DS, Thomas PA (1972) Ecology of waterweeds in the Neotropics. UNESCO Technical Papers in Hydrology 12Google Scholar
  27. Mitchell DS, Tur NM (1975) The rate of growth of Salvinia molesta [S. auriculata Auct.] in laboratory and natural conditions. J Appl Ecol 12:213–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Moran RC (1995) Salvinia Ség. In: Moran RC, Riba R (eds.). Psilotaceae a Salviniaceae. In: Davidse G, Souza M, Knapp S (general eds.). Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, vol 1, pp 395–396Google Scholar
  29. Moran RC (2004) A natural history of ferns. Timber Press, PortlandGoogle Scholar
  30. Moran RC, Smith AR (1999) Salvinia adnata Desv. versus S. molesta D.S. Mitch. Am Fern J 89:268–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nagalingum NS, Schneider H, Pryer KM (2006) Comparative morphology of reproductive structures in heterosporous water ferns and a reevaluation of the sporocarp. Int J Plant Sci 167:805–815.  https://doi.org/10.1086/503848 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nauman CE (1993) Salvinia. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 2, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 336–338Google Scholar
  33. Oliver JD (1993) A review of the biology of giant Salvinia. J Aquat Plant Manag 31:227–231Google Scholar
  34. Pelosi BT, Lima LKS, Vieira MGA (2014) Caracterização da macrófita aquática Salvinia cucullata empregada na bioadsorção do corante sintétito Ácido Laranja 7.In: Blucher Chemical Engineering Proceedings 1.  https://doi.org/10.5151/chemeng-cobec-ic-03-ts-078
  35. Pereira PF, Antunes F, Braga VF, Resende CF, Ribeiro C, Peixoto PHP (2012) Pigmentos lipossolúveis e hidrossolúveis em plantas de salvínia sob toxicidade por cromo. Planta Daninha 30:697–703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Pott VJ, Pott A (2000) Plantas Aquáticas do Pantanal. Embrapa, BrasíliaGoogle Scholar
  37. Ppg I (2016) A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns. J Syst Evol 54:563–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Prado J, Sylvestre LS, Labiak PH, Windisch PG, Salino A, Barros ICL, Hirai RY, Almeida TE, Santiago ACP, Kieling-Rubio MA, Pereira AFN, Øllgaard B, Ramos CGV, Mickel JT, Dittrich VAO, Mynssen CM, Schwartsburd PB, Condack JPS, Pereira JBS, Matos FB (2015) Diversity of ferns and lycophytes in Brazil. Rodriguésia 66:1073–1083.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201566410 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Raddi J (1819) Synopsis filicum brasiliensium. Opus Sci Bologna 3:279–297Google Scholar
  40. Raddi J (1825) Plantarum Brasilensium nova genera. A. Pezzati, Florence, Pars I (Filices)Google Scholar
  41. Room PM (1986) Equations relating growth and uptake of nitrogen by Salvinia molesta to temperature and the availability of nitrogen. Aquat Bot 24:43–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Room PM, Thomas PA (1986) Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in Salvinia molesta Mitchell in the field: effects of weather, insect damage, fertilizers and age. Aquat Bot 24:213–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Salino A, Almeida TE (2010) Salviniaceae. In: Forzza RC et al. (orgs.). Catálogo de Plantas e Fungos do Brasil. Andrea Jakobsson Studio, Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, vol1, pp 559–560Google Scholar
  44. Schneller JJ (1980) Cytotaxonomic investigations of Salvinia herzogii de la Sota. Aquat Bot 9:279–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Schneller JJ (1981) Chromosome number and spores of Salvinia auriculata Aublet s.str. Aquat Bot 10:81–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schwartsburd PB, Miranda CV (2017) Proposal to reject the name Salvinia adnata (Salviniaceae). Taxon 66:202–203.  https://doi.org/10.12705/661.22 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Sculthore CD (1967) The biology of aquatic vascular plants. E. Arnold, LondonGoogle Scholar
  48. Séguier JF (1754) Plantae Veronensis seu stirpium quae in agro Veronensi reperiuntur methodica synopsisGoogle Scholar
  49. Sehnem A (1979) Salviniáceas. In: REITZ PR (ed.). Flora Ilustrada Catarinense. Itajaí, Santa Catarina, fasc. SALVGoogle Scholar
  50. Smith AR, Pryer KM, Schuettpelz E, Korall P, Schneider H, Wolf PG (2008) Fern classification. In: Ranker TA, Haufler CH (eds) Biology and evolution of ferns and lycophytes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 417–467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Sota ER (1962a) Contribuicion al conocimiento de las Salviniaceae neotropicales, I. Salvinia oblongifolia Martius. Darwiniana 12:465–498Google Scholar
  52. Sota ER (1962b) Contribuicion al conocimiento de las Salviniaceae neotropicales, II. Salvinia auriculata Aublet. Darwiniana 12:499–513Google Scholar
  53. Sota ER (1962c) Contribuicion al conocimiento de las Salviniaceae neotropicales, III. Salvinia herzogii nov. spec.. Darwiniana 12:514–520Google Scholar
  54. Sota ER (1982) Sobre Salvinia radula Baker (Salviniaceae–Pteridophyta). Biotica 7:457–461Google Scholar
  55. Sota ER (1995) Nuevos sinónimos en Salvinia Ség. (Salviniaceae, Pteridophyta). Darwiniana 33:309–313Google Scholar
  56. Sota ER (2001) Sobre el tipo de Salvinia adnata (Salviniaceae, Pteridophyta). Bol Soc Argent Bot 36:125–129Google Scholar
  57. Sota ER, Cassa de Pazos LA (1992) Contribuicion al conocimiento de las Salviniaceae neotropicales, VI. Salvinia martynii. Darwiniana 31:315–320Google Scholar
  58. Sota ER, Cassa de Pazos LA (2001) Two cytotypes and a new hybrid in Salvinia Séguier. Acta Amazon 31:557–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Straube FC (2011) Ruínas e Urubus: História da Ornitologia no Paraná. Período Pré-Nattereriano (1541 a 1819). Hori Cadernos Técnicos 3, CuritibaGoogle Scholar
  60. Tryon RM, Tryon AF (1982) Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to Tropical America. Springer, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Weatherby CA (1937) A further note on Salvinia. Am Fern J 27:98–102Google Scholar
  62. Willdenow CL (1810) Species plantarum, 4th edn. G. C. Nauk, BerlinGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Botanical Society of Sao Paulo 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Botânica, Departamento de Biologia VegetalUniversidade Federal de ViçosaViçosaBrazil

Personalised recommendations