Dental fear and its determinants in 7–11-year-old children in Tehran, Iran

  • S. Z. Mohebbi
  • S. Razeghi
  • M. Gholami
  • M. J. Kharazifard
  • S. RahimianEmail author
Original Scientific Article



To assess dental fear and its determinants in 7–11-year-old children.


In this cross-sectional (descriptive-analytical) study, the standard Persian version of the Children’s Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) questionnaire was completed by 240 parent–child (children aged 7–11 years) pairs referred to dental clinics in Tehran city, Iran. Background characteristics were also inquired.


An equal number of boys and girls participated in the study. The mean score of fear among the children was 21.66 ± 8.33. The causes of fear among the children were, first, injection, and then, seeing the dentist’s drill, choking feeling, and finally, filling the tooth. There was a significant correlation between the scores of children’s dental fear and their experience of meeting with the dentist (p = 0.001). The result of the regression test showed that the age of the children (p = 0.022) and high levels of dental fear among their fathers (p < 0.001) was related to high levels of dental fear among the children.


The present children revealed a moderate level of dental fear. Taking children’s age into account in behavioural management and challenging father's fear seemed to play a key role to reduce the child’s fear and prevent its long-term consequences.


Fear Dentistry Child CFSS-DS Questionnaire Oral health 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Z. Mohebbi
    • 1
  • S. Razeghi
    • 1
  • M. Gholami
    • 1
  • M. J. Kharazifard
    • 2
  • S. Rahimian
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Community Oral Health Department, School of DentistryTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Epidemiologist, Dental Research Center, Dentistry Research InstituteTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.School of DentistryTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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