Advertisement

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 133–138 | Cite as

Evaluation of knowledge of students in paediatric dentistry concerning cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills in children

  • L. M. De Mauro
  • L. B. OliveiraEmail author
  • C. De Cássia Bergamaschi
  • J. C. Ramacciato
  • R. H. L. Motta
Original Scientific Article
  • 98 Downloads

Abstract

Aim

The study evaluated the theoretical knowledge and practical ability of students in paediatric dentistry concerning basic life support (BLS) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children and babies.

Methods

Seventy paediatric dentistry students answered a questionnaire and also performed a simulation of the manoeuvres of BLS and CPR on baby and child manikins.

Results

The results showed that 41 (58%) students had never received BLS training. When questioned about the correct ratio of compression and ventilation during CPR, most students answered incorrectly. For the CPR of babies in the presence of a first responder only 19 (27.1%) answered correctly (30 × 2), and for babies with two rescuers, 23 (32.8%) answered correctly (15 × 2); in relation to the correct rhythm of chest compressions, 38 (54.4%) answered incorrectly; when asked if they felt prepared to deal with a medical emergency in their dental surgeries, only 12 (17.1%) stated “yes”. In the practice evaluation, 51 (73%) students who had been assessed in CPR manoeuvres for children and 55 (78%) in the manoeuvres for babies scored inadequately.

Conclusions

The evaluated students did not have adequate knowledge about CPR in children and babies.

Keyword

Basic life support Cardiopulmonary resuscitation Children Babies 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Institutional Program of Scientific Initiation, São Leopoldo Mandic Dental School, process number 019-2015. The authors also wish to thank Dr. Cristina Saragiotto Caldas for her assistance in this study.

References

  1. Alkandari SA, Alyahya L, Abdulwahab M. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge and attitude among general dentists in Kuwait. World J Emerg Med. 2017;8:19–24.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. American Heart Association. Guidelines for CPR and ECC—Part 5: adult BLS and cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality. 2015. https://eccguidelines.heart.org/index.php/circulation/cpr-ecc-guidelines-2/part-5-adult-basic-life-support-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality/. Accessed 17 Mar 2017.
  3. American Heart Association. Statistical update. Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. 2016. http://cpr.heart.org/AHAECC/CPRAndECC/General/UCM_477263_Cardiac-Arrest-Statistics.jsp. Accessed 9 Mar 2018.
  4. Aroor AR, Saya RP, Attar NR, Saya GK, Ravinanthanan M. Awareness about basic life support and emergency medical services and its associated factors among students in a tertiary care hospital in South India. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2014;7:166–9.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Arsati F, Montalli VA, Flório FM, et al. Brazilian dentists’ attitudes about medical emergencies during dental treatment. J Dent Educ. 2010;74(6):661–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Atkins DL, Berger S, Duff JP, et al. Part 11: Pediatric basic life support and cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines update for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardivascular care. Circulation. 2015;132:S519–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Berden HJ, Willems FF, Hendrick JM, Knape JT, Pijls NH. Variation in the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Lancet. 1992;339:1019–20.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Berg RA, Hemphill R, Abella BS, et al. Part 5: adult basic life support: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation. 2010;122(18 Suppl 3):S685–705.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Boaventura AP, Miyadahira A. Training program on cardiopulmonary resuscitation with the use of automated external defibrillator in a university. Rev Gaucha Enferm. 2012;33:191–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Boddu S, Prathigudupu RS, Somuri AV, et al. Evaluation of knowledge and experience among oral and maxillofacial surgeons about cardiopulmonary resuscitation. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2012;13:878–81.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Breuer G, Knipfer C, Huber T, et al. Competency in managing cardiac arrest: a scenario-based evaluation of dental students. Acta Odontol Scand. 2016;74(4):241–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Carvalho RM, Costa LR, Marcelo VC. Brazilian dental students’ perceptions about medical emergencies: a qualitative exploratory study. J Dent Educ. 2008;72:1343–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Gonzalez MM, Timerman S, Oliveira RG, et al. Guideline for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care—Brazilian Society of Cardiology: executive summary. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia. 2013;100:105–113.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Girdler NM, Smith DG. Prevalence of emergency events in British dental practice and emergency management skills of British dentists. Resuscitation. 1999;41(2):159–67.Google Scholar
  15. Jamalpour MR, Asadi HK, Zarei K. Basic life support knowledge and skills of Iranian general dental practitioners to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Niger Med J. 2015;56:148–52.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Khami MR, Yazdani R, Afzalimoghaddam M, Razeghi S, Moscowchi A. Medical emergency management among Iranian dentists. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2014;15:693–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Khorasani M, Tofangchiha M, Hamdzadeh H, Bakhshi M. Effect of emergency primary care training workshops: a survey on 45 Iranian dental school interns. J Int Oral Health. 2015;7:18–21.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Malamed SF. Emergency medicine in pediatric dentistry: preparation and management. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2003;31:749–55.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Malamed SF. Knowing your patients. J Am Dent Assoc. 2010;141:3–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Morrison AD, Goodday RH. Preparing for medical emergencies in the dental office. J Can Dent Assoc. 1999;65:284–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Narayan DP, Biradar SV, Reddy MT, Sujatha BK. Assessment of knowledge and attitude about basic life support among dental interns and postgraduate students in Bangalore city, India. World J Emerg Med. 2015;6:118–22.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Nogami K, Taniguchi S, Ichiyama T. Rapid deterioration of basic life support skills in dentists with basic life support healthcare provider. Anesth Prog. 2016;63:62–6.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Orr TM, Orr DL. Pulseless ventricular tachycardia during office-based anesthetic in a 4-year-old child. Anesth Prog. 2015;62:162–5.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. Reddy S, Doshi D, Reddy P, Kulkarni S, Reddy S. Awareness of basic life support among staff and students in a dental school. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2013;14:511–17.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Rosenberg M. Preparing for medical emergencies: the essential drugs and equipment for the dental office. J Am Dent Assoc. 2010;141:14S–19S.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Toback SL. Medical emergency preparedness in office practice. Am Fam Physician. 2007;75:1679–84.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Vranić DN, Jurković J, Jeličić J, et al. Medical emergencies in pediatric dentistry. Acta Stomatol Croat. 2016;50:72–80.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. Wilson MH, McArdle NS, Fitzpatrick JJ, Stassen LF. Medical emergencies in dental practice. J Ir Dent Assoc. 2009;55:134–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. M. De Mauro
    • 1
  • L. B. Oliveira
    • 2
    Email author
  • C. De Cássia Bergamaschi
    • 3
  • J. C. Ramacciato
    • 4
  • R. H. L. Motta
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculdade São Leopoldo MandicCampinasBrazil
  2. 2.Division of Pediatric DentistryFaculdade São Leopoldo Mandic, São Leopoldo Mandic School of DentistryCampinasBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Pharmaceutical SciencesUniversidade de SorocabaSorocabaBrazil
  4. 4.Division of Pharmacology, Anesthesiology, and TherapeuticsFaculdade São Leopoldo MandicCampinasBrazil

Personalised recommendations