European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 39–43 | Cite as

Factors associated with dental anxiety in Brazilian children during the first transitional period of the mixed dentition

  • K. A. BarretoEmail author
  • L. D. K. T. Dos Prazeres
  • D. S. M. Lima
  • F. C. Soares
  • R. M. M. P. Redivivo
  • C. da Franca
  • V. Colares
Original Scientific Article



To determine the prevalence of dental anxiety in children during the first transitional period of the mixed dentition and associated factors.


A Cross-sectional study was performed with 1367 children of both genders aged 6–7 years old conducted in schools in Recife, Brazil in 2013. The data were collected through interviews and intra-oral examinations. Dental anxiety data were obtained using the dental anxiety questionnaire (DAQ). The associated factors considered were: age, gender, social group, child’s experience with the dentist, history of dental pain, experience of caries and phase of exfoliation.


The prevalence of children with some level of dental anxiety was 54.4%. Visit to the dentist and social group were associated with dental anxiety (p < 0.001).


The prevalence of dental anxiety was high, although children attending private schools and those who had visited the dentist before had a lower prevalence of dental anxiety.


Dental anxiety Child Prevalence 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors report no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. A. Barreto
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. D. K. T. Dos Prazeres
    • 1
  • D. S. M. Lima
    • 1
  • F. C. Soares
    • 1
  • R. M. M. P. Redivivo
    • 1
  • C. da Franca
    • 1
  • V. Colares
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Paediatric Dentistry and DentistryUniversity of PernambucoRecifeBrazil

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