European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp 407–411 | Cite as

Periodontal disease detection in primary and mixed dentitions

  • C. M. Guimarães Nobre
  • A. N. Fernandes-Costa
  • M. S. de Melo Soares
  • D. M. Carvalho Pugliesi
  • B. C. de Vasconcelos GurgelEmail author
Original Scientific Article



This was to compare the periodontal status of children with primary and mixed dentition at the time of their first consultation.


Children (200), aged 0–12 years (156 with mixed and 44 with primary dentition), were examined by assessing their simplified plaque index (PI) and simplified periodontal record (PSR). Statistical analysis (Chi-square test) was performed with appropriate software to find any significant associations between sex, type of dentition and PI with the PSR codes (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4).


There was no statistically significant difference with regard to gender (p = 0.82). Generalised PI was associated more significantly with mixed dentition (p = 0.025 and higher PSR scores (p < 0.001). There was no significant relationship between sex and PSR codes (p = 0.82).


Children presenting with a mixed dentition had worse PI values and PSR scores. It is important to perform periodontal examination in children to diagnose and prevent future periodontal disease and maintain their dentition as well as to identify any associated systemic conditions.


Primary dentition Mixed dentition Periodontal diseases Periodontal index 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare that there were no conflicts of interest.


The work has not a source of funding.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. M. Guimarães Nobre
    • 1
  • A. N. Fernandes-Costa
    • 2
  • M. S. de Melo Soares
    • 3
  • D. M. Carvalho Pugliesi
    • 3
  • B. C. de Vasconcelos Gurgel
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Federal University of Rio Grande do NorteNatalBrazil
  2. 2.Department of DentistryFederal University of Rio Grande do Norte, PeriodonticsNatalBrazil
  3. 3.Department of DentistryUniversity Center of MaceióMaceióBrazil

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