Advertisement

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp 407–411 | Cite as

Periodontal disease detection in primary and mixed dentitions

  • C. M. Guimarães Nobre
  • A. N. Fernandes-Costa
  • M. S. de Melo Soares
  • D. M. Carvalho Pugliesi
  • B. C. de Vasconcelos GurgelEmail author
Original Scientific Article
  • 357 Downloads

Abstract

Aim

This was to compare the periodontal status of children with primary and mixed dentition at the time of their first consultation.

Methods

Children (200), aged 0–12 years (156 with mixed and 44 with primary dentition), were examined by assessing their simplified plaque index (PI) and simplified periodontal record (PSR). Statistical analysis (Chi-square test) was performed with appropriate software to find any significant associations between sex, type of dentition and PI with the PSR codes (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4).

Results

There was no statistically significant difference with regard to gender (p = 0.82). Generalised PI was associated more significantly with mixed dentition (p = 0.025 and higher PSR scores (p < 0.001). There was no significant relationship between sex and PSR codes (p = 0.82).

Conclusion

Children presenting with a mixed dentition had worse PI values and PSR scores. It is important to perform periodontal examination in children to diagnose and prevent future periodontal disease and maintain their dentition as well as to identify any associated systemic conditions.

Keywords

Primary dentition Mixed dentition Periodontal diseases Periodontal index 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare that there were no conflicts of interest.

Funding

The work has not a source of funding.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

References

  1. Agarwal A, Rehani U, Adlakha V, et al. Comparative analysis of the amount of plaque formation and associated gingival inflammation in deciduous, mixed and permanent dentition. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2009;2(3):23–6.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Ainamo J, Bay I. Problems and proposals for recording gingivitis and plaque. Int Dent J. 1975;25(4):229–35.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Ainamo J, Barmes D, Beagrie G, et al. Development of the World Health Organization (WHO) community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN). Int Dent J. 1982;32:281–91.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Albandar JM, Tinoco EMB. Global epidemiology of periodontal diseases in children and young persons. Periodontol 2000. 2002;29(1):153–76.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Albandar JM. Global risk factors and risk indicators for periodontal diseases. Periodontol 2000. 2002;29(1):177–206.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Guideline on Management of the Developing Dentition and Occlusion in Pediatric Dentistry. Clinical Guidelines 2014; 36(6):251–63. http://www.aapd.org/media/Policies_Guidelines/G_DevelopDentition.pdf. Accessed 17 Oct.
  7. Andrade IT, Rapp GR. Prevalence assessment of periodontal disease in 3–5 year old children through PSR—population study. J Int Acad Periodontol. 2002;4(4):126–31.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Armitage GC. Development of a classification system for periodontal diseases and conditions. Ann Periodontol. 1999;4:1–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Armitage GC. Periodontal diagnosis and classification of periodontal diseases. Periodontol 2000. 2004;34:9–21.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Brothwell DJ. Guidelines on the use of space maintainers following premature loss of primary teeth. J Can Dent Assoc. 1997;63(10):753–66.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Carlson MDA, Morrison RS. Study design, precision, and validity in observational studies. J Palliat Med. 2009;12(1):77–82.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Clerehugh V, Tugnait A. Diagnosis and management of periodontal diseases in children and adolescents. Periodontol 2000. 2001;26:146–68.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Crielaard W, Zaura E, Huse SM, et al. Exploring the oral microbiota of children at various developmental stages of their dentition in the relation to their oral health. BMC Med Genom. 2011;4:22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dini EL. Changes in periodontal conditions of children and adolescents from Araraquara, Brazil: 1995–1998. Braz Dent J. 2001;12(1):51–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Dye BA, Vargas CM, Lee JJ, Magder L, Tinanoff N. Assessing the relationship between children’s oral health status and that of their mothers. J Am Dent Assoc. 2011;142:173–83.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Jasim M, et al. Risk factors for periodontitis in children and Young persons. Periodontol 2000. 2002;29:207–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kimura S, Ooshima T, Takiguchi M, et al. Periodontopathic bacterial infection in childhood. J Periodontol. 2002;73:20–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Kolawole KA, Oziegbe EO, Bamise CT. Oral hygiene measures and the periodontal status of school children. Int J Dent Hyg. 2011;9:143–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Meyle J, Gonzáles JR. Influences of systemic diseases on periodontitis in children and adolescents. Periodontol 2000. 2001;26:92–112.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Piazzini LF. Periodontal screening and recording (PSR) application in children and adolescent. J Periodontol. 1994;28:26–32.Google Scholar
  21. Santos APP, Séllos MC, Ramos MEB, Soviero VM. Oral hygiene frequency and presence of visible biofilm in the primary dentition. Braz Oral Res. 2007;21(1):64–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Shimomura-Kuroki J, Yamashita-Matsuda K, Miyagawa Y, Shimooka S. Prevalence of cariogenic and periodontopathic bacteria in Japanese children in the primary and mixed dentitions. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2011;36(1):31–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Van den Branden S, Van den Broucke S, Leroy R, Declerck D, Hoppenbrouwers K. Effects of time and socio-economic status on the determinants of oral health-related behaviours of parents of preschool children. Eur J Oral Sci. 2012;120:153–60.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Villalobos-Rodelo JJ, Medina-Solís C, Maupomé G, et al. Socioeconomic and sociodemographic variables associated with oral hygiene status in Mexican schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years. J Periodontol. 2007;78:816–22.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. M. Guimarães Nobre
    • 1
  • A. N. Fernandes-Costa
    • 2
  • M. S. de Melo Soares
    • 3
  • D. M. Carvalho Pugliesi
    • 3
  • B. C. de Vasconcelos Gurgel
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Federal University of Rio Grande do NorteNatalBrazil
  2. 2.Department of DentistryFederal University of Rio Grande do Norte, PeriodonticsNatalBrazil
  3. 3.Department of DentistryUniversity Center of MaceióMaceióBrazil

Personalised recommendations