Peripartum events and molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) amongst young patients in southwest France
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This was to investigate the association of peripartum events with the occurrence of MIH.
This study, carried out between 2010 and 2011, was based on objective information noted in child health booklets on putative risk factors for MIH during the Peripartum period, aged between 6 to 28 years. The target population consisted of patients with MIH and a control group. Among the 849 patients examined by two calibrated paediatric dentists, 75 patients with MIH were recorded. These patients attended for consultation either at the teaching dental hospital of Bordeaux (France) or at a private dental practice (Bordeaux, France). Pearson’s Chi-squared test was used and Odds ratios (OR) with 95 % test-based confidence intervals (CI) were calculated.
Correlations were observed between hypoxia during delivery and occurrence of MIH (OR = 6.1; CI = 1.7–21.85), and also between birth by caesarean section and MIH (OR = 2.9; CI = 1.2–6.9). There was no association between prematurity and MIH.
Peripartum events such as hypoxia during birth or delivery by caesarean section are suggested to be risk factors for the occurrence of MIH in this population.
KeywordsMolar-incisor hypomineralisation Peripartum events Hypoxia Caesarean section
We would like to express our gratitude to Dr Béatrice Richard and Frédéric Santos for their contribution to this study. The authors would like to thank Dr. Marlies Elfrink for her critical review of the manuscript. We thank the anonymous reviewers.
Compliance with ethical standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this retrospective study, oral informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Conflict of interest
Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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