Dental anxiety and dental pain in 5- to 12-year-old children in Recife, Brazil
- 318 Downloads
Dental anxiety is a common problem, related to dental pain, which contributes to irregular dental attendance and avoidance of dental care, resulting in poorer oral health during childhood.
To evaluate anxiety, pain and/or discomfort related to dental treatment in 5- to 12-year-old children examined during a public holiday.
This cross-sectional survey study was carried out with parental permission in 970 children of both sexes. Socio-economic status, dental anxiety and dental pain experience data were obtained through a questionnaire answered by parents or guardians. Dental anxiety was measured using the dental anxiety questionnaire (DAQ). The statistical analyses were performed using Pearson’s Chi-square test. The intra-examiner agreement was high (κ = 0.80) and the inter-examiner was κ = 0.79.
The prevalence of dental anxiety was 39.4 % and that of a history of dental pain was 44.9 %. Dental anxiety among children was associated with the child never having had a dental appointment.
The anxiety correlated positively with a history of dental pain (p < 0.001), the mother’s low level of schooling (p = 0.037), parents’ dental anxiety (p < 0.001), and negatively with visits to the dentist (p < 0.001).
A high percentage of children presented with dental anxiety and a history of dental pain.
KeywordsDental anxiety Toothache Child
We acknowledge with thanks the support given by CAPES (Brazilian Government Research Agency) and FACEPE (Brazilian Foundation for Research) for the PhD fellowship.
- Caraciolo GM, Colares V. The prevalence of fear and/or anxiety related to the dental visits in 5-years-old children in Recife city. Revista Odonto Ciência. 2004;19:348–53.Google Scholar
- Colares V, Caraciolo GM, Miranda AM, Araújo GVB, Guerra P. Fear and/or anxiety related to the avoidance of dental visits. Arq em Odontol. 2004;40:59–72.Google Scholar
- Gonçalves MR, Percinoto C, Castro AM, Sundefeld MLMM, Machado AS. Evaluation of anxiety and behaviour of children during dental procedures and correlation of those variables with influencing factors. RPG. 2003;10:131–40.Google Scholar
- Kiwanuka SN, Astrom AN. Self-reported dental pain and associated factors in Ugandan schoolchildren. Norsk Epidemiologi. 2005;15:175–82.Google Scholar