How Legislation Bodies and Customers Influence Maritime Development
- 55 Downloads
Apart from the lowered emission limits, the major driver for the engine development of marine applications is to maintain and possibly increase the engine efficiency. To reach both the emission and efficiency targets, the complexity of engine concepts has and will continue to increase. In this paper from FEV, the optimal combination of technologies from a point of view of investment cost, total cost of ownership, as well as operating costs for diesel, gas and dual fuel engines is discussed.
Framework Condition Fixed
— As of January 1, 2016, the NOx limit values of IMO Tier III applied to existing Emission Control Areas (ECAs).
— The neighbors of the newly arriving ECA areas define their date of validity on their own.
— The SOxregulation for ECA areas entered into force on January 1,...
- Mapol Annex VI, and NTC 2008, Edition 2013Google Scholar
- Pischinger, S. et al.: How legislation and customer needs drive innovation. 3rd Rostock Large Engine Symposium, 2016Google Scholar
- Schlemmer-Kelling, U.: Operating Cost Optimized Engine and Aftertreatment Concepts for Marine Applications. Cimac Congress, 2016Google Scholar
- Bergmann, D. et al.: VCR — Key Technology for High Efficient Dual Fuel Engines. International Conference on Variable Compression Ratio, 2017Google Scholar
- Burgdorf, B.: Hybrid-Fähren — Batterien und Motoren ökonomisch einsetzen und kombinieren. ISF-Tagung Flensburg, 2015Google Scholar
- Meech, R.: Can we get to 2020 by 2025, what might happen? The Danish Ecological Council, Copenhagen, 2017Google Scholar
- Hughes, E.: The road loading to the 0.5 % sulfur limit and IMO’s role moving forward. Danish Ecological council, Copenhagen, 2017Google Scholar
- N.N.: Global Marine Technology Trends 2030, Lloyd’s Register et al., 2015Google Scholar
- Kofod, M. et al.: Well to Wake Greenhouse Gas Emissions from LNG in Marine Applications. In: MTZindustrial 2015, No. 2Google Scholar
- Brinks, H. et al.: Feasibility and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels for Shipping. Cimac Congress, 2016Google Scholar