International Skating Union versus European Commission: Is the European sports model under threat?
- 11 Downloads
Regulatory activities of sports governing bodies have been attracting more and more attention of courts and competition authorities. Indeed, the remedial potential of competition law has been steadily growing in recent years and is currently becoming the most viable instrument of protection of commercial freedom of athletes and other stakeholders from abusive policies implemented by national and international sports federations. The recent case of the International Skating Union is very likely to contribute to a considerable liberalisation of the markets for organisation and for commercial exploitation of sports events. However, SGBs, including the powerful IOC, resist this—it seems to be—inevitable process, invoking, inter alia, the importance to safeguard the European sports model. The paper examines the perspectives of this model, and, more particularly, the question of whether it still measures up to the realities of the sports industry. It provides insight into the cases illustrating potential dangers of breakaway leagues. The author of the article comes to the conclusion that the solution of the problem of eligibility rules represents only an intermediate step in the search for a steady balance among all interests involved, and that the European sports model should be ready for further compromises in order to survive as such.
KeywordsRegulatory rules EU competition law International Skating Union Sports governance European sports model Proportionality Exclusivity clauses
- Bastianon S (2016) Le federazioni sportive e il mercato dell’organizzazione degli eventi sportivi: uno sguardo al passato per cercare di capire il presente (… ed immaginare il futuro). Rivista di Diritto Sportivo 1:64–85Google Scholar
- Bayle E (2015) The sport federations’ perspective. In: Parent MM, Chappelet J-L (eds) The Routledge handbook of sports event management. Routledge, New York, pp 109–122Google Scholar
- Geeraert A, Bruyninckx H (2014) You’ll never walk alone again: The governance turn in professional sports. In: Mittag J, Güldenpfennig S (eds) Sportpolitik im Spannungsfeld von Autonomie und Regulierung: Grundlagen, Akteure und Konfliktfelder. Klartext Verlag, EssenGoogle Scholar
- Halgreen L (2004) European sports law—a comparative analyses of the European and American models of sport. Forlaget Thompson, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
- Infantino G (2006) Meca-Medina: a step backwards for the European Sports Model and the Specificity of Sport? UEFA Paper, 2 October 2006. https://www.uefa.com/MultimediaFiles/Download/uefa/KeyTopics/480391_DOWNLOAD.pdf. Accessed 20 Sept 2018
- Lindholm J (2013) The impact of SBF v KKV on sport: Swedish Fender-Bender or European Pileup? Eur Compet Law Rev 34(7):367–372Google Scholar
- Manville A (2008) European Court vs sports organisations—who will win the antitrust competition? Int Sports Law J 8(3–4):19–26Google Scholar
- Nafziger J (2008) A comparison of the European and North American models of sports organisation. Int Sports Law J 8(3–4):100–108Google Scholar
- Van Bottenburg M (2011) Why are the European and American sports worlds so different? Path-dependence in the European and American sports history. In: Tomlinson A, Young C, Holt R (eds) Sport and the transformation of modern Europe: states, media and markets 1950–2010. Routledge, London, pp 205–226Google Scholar
- Weatherill S (2005) Is the Pyramid compatible with EC law? Int Sports Law J 5(3–4):3–7Google Scholar
- Weatherill S (2009) Article 82 EC and Sporting ‘Conflict of interest’: the Judgment in MOTOE. Int Sports Law J 9(1–2):3–7Google Scholar
- Weatherill S (2017) Principles and perspectives in EU sports law. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar