# Generalized trigonometric Fourier-series method with automatic time step control for non-linear point kinetics equations

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## Abstract

The trigonometric Fourier-series method (TFS) is generalized to provide approximate solutions for non-linear point kinetics equations with feedback using varying step sizes. This method can provide a very stable solution against the size of the discrete time step allowing much larger step sizes to be used. Systems of the point kinetics equations are solved using Fourier-series expansion over a partition of the total time interval. The approximate solution requires determining the series coefficients over each time step in that partition. These coefficients are determined using the high-order derivatives of the solution vector at the beginning of the time step introducing a system of linear algebraic equations to be solved at each step. This system is similar to the Vandermonde system. Two successive orders of the partial sums are used to estimate the local truncation error. This error and some other constrains are used to produce the largest step size allowable at each step while keeping the error within a specific tolerance. The process of calculating suitable step sizes should be automatic and inexpensive. Convergence and stability of the proposed method are discussed and a new formula is introduced to maintain stability. The proposed method solves the general linear and non-linear kinetics problems. The method has been applied to five different types of reactivities including step/ramp insertions with temperature feedback. The method is seemed to be valid for larger time intervals than those used in the conventional numerical integration, and is thus useful in reducing computing time. Computational results are found to be consistent with the analysis, they demonstrate that the convergence of the iteration scheme can be accelerated and the resulting computing times can be greatly reduced while maintain computational accuracy.

## Keywords

Fourier series method Reactor dynamics Feedback Step size control Numerical solutions## Mathematics Subject Classification

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