Assessment of the Perceived Relationship Between Healthy Nutrition and Cardiovascular Diseases by the Adult Czech Population

  • Vera OlisarovaEmail author
  • Valerie Tothova
  • Lenka Sedova
  • Sylva Bartlova
  • Ivana Chloubova
  • Helena Michalkova
  • Radka Prokesova
  • Marie Treslova
Original Article



Cardiovascular diseases constitute one of the main causes of disability and premature death. The basic pathology consists of atherosclerosis. Therefore, influencing risk factors, including nutrition, is essential for prevention.


To assess the opinion of Czech citizens, over 40 years old, on the role of nutrition as it relates to risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.


Data from 1992 participants were acquired using a research questionnaire administered throughout the Czech Republic from 1.4.2016–20.4.2016. The data was analyzed using the SASD program, version 1.4.12.


Data analyses revealed that the age group in question still includes a great number of people who are unaware of the relationship between nutrition and development (31.8%) or progression (18.0%) of heart diseases. Rejection of the relationship was most frequently expressed by those 40–49 years of age and those that were employed. The study also found that the role of nutrition modification was more frequently discussed between patients and physicians (54.7%) than patients and nurses (38.0%). An overwhelming majority of respondents considered information related to nutrition modification useful (93.0%).


In order to increase the efficiency of preventive measures, the transfer of theoretical knowledge to the lay public must be accompanied by interventions aimed at information repetition, motivation, and establishment of partnerships with health care providers.


Nutrition habits Cardiovascular diseases Risk factor Prevention Nurse 



Supported by Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic, Grant No. 15-31000A. All rights reserved.

Author Contributions

Conception and design (VT, SB, LŠ, VO), data analysis and interpretation (VT, LŠ, SB, ICH, HM, RP, MT, VO), writing of the manuscript (VO, VT, LŠ, SB, MT), critical revision of the manuscript (VT, SB), finalization of the manuscript (VO).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

No conflicts of interest are declared.

Ethical standard

Authors state that the research was conducted according to ethical standards.


Supported by Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic, Grant No. 15-31000A. All rights reserved.


  1. 1.
    Roth GA, Johnson C, Abajobir A, et al. Global, regional, and national burden of cardiovascular diseases for 10 causes, 1990 to 2015. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017;70(1):1–25. Scholar
  2. 2.
    Finucane MM, Stevens GA, Cowan M, et al. National, regional, and global trends in body mass index since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 960 country-years and 9.1 million participants. Lancet (London, England). 2011;377(9765):557–67. Scholar
  3. 3.
    Danaei G, Finucane MM, Lu Y, et al. National, regional, and global trends in fasting plasma glucose and diabetes prevalence since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 370 country-years and 2.7 million participants. Lancet (London, England). 2011;378:31–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    WHO. Prevention of cardiovascular disease. Pocket guidelines for assessment and management of cardiovascular risk. Geneva: WHO; 2007.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cooney MT, Dudina A, Whincup P, et al. Reevaluating the Rose approach: comparative benefits of the population and high-risk preventive strategies. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2009;16:541–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu K, Daviglus ML, Loria CM, et al. Healthy lifestyle through young adulthood and the presence of low cardiovascular disease risk profile in middle age: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in (Young) Adults (CARDIA) study. Circulation. 2012;125:996–1004.CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    European Heart Network. Diet, physical activity and cardiovascular disease prevention in Europe. Brussels: European Heart Network; 2011.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sofi F, Abbate R, Gensini GF, et al. Accruing evidence on benefits of adherence to the Mediterranean diet on health: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92:1189–96. Scholar
  9. 9.
    Estruch R, Ros E, Salas-Salvadó J, et al. Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet. N Engl J Med. 2013;368:1279–90. Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rosolová H, Nussbaumerová B, Mayer O Jr, et al. Success and failure of cardiovascular disease prevention in Czech Republic over the past 30 years Czech part of the EUROASPIRE I–IV surveys. Physiol Res. 2017;66(1):S77–84.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Olišarová V, Tóthová V, Šedová L, et al. Education in the area of heart and vessel diseases for 40+ citizens. Cor et Vasa. 2018;60:576–81. Scholar
  12. 12.
    Piepoli MF, Hoes AW, Agewall S, et al. 2016 European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: The Sixth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (constituted by representatives of 10 societies and by invited experts). Developed with the special contribution of the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (EACPR). Eur Heart J. 2016;37(29):2315–81. Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shai I, Spence JD, Schwarzfuchs D, et al. Dietary intervention to reverse carotid atherosclerosis. Circulation. 2010;121:1200–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Slouka D, Honnerova M, Hosek P, et al. Risk factors for failure of continuous positive airway pressure treatment in patients with ostructive sleep apnoea. Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. 2018;162(2):134–8. Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sacks FM, Svetkey LP, Vollmer WM, et al. Effects on blood pressure of reduced dietary sodium and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. N Engl J Med. 2001;344:3–10. Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lanuza DM, Davidson PM, Dunbar SB, et al. Preparing nurses for leadership roles in cardiovascular disease prevention. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2011;10(2):51–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    World Health Organization. Preparing a workforce for the 21st century. The Challenge of Chronic Conditions. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pruitt SD, Epping-Jordan JE. Preparing the 21st century global healthcare workforce. BMJ. 2005;330(7492):637–9.CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Býma S, Hradec J. Prevence kardiovaskulárních onemocnění. Doporučené diagnostické a terapeutické postupy pro všeobecné praktické lékaře; 2018 [Internet]. Společnost všeobecného lékařství ČLS JEP; 2018. Available from: Cited 9 Aug 2018.
  20. 20.
    Čapková N, Lustigová M, Kratěnová J, et al. Vybrané ukazatele zdravotního stavu české populace—studie EHES 2014. Hygiena. 2017;62(1):35–7. Scholar

Copyright information

© Italian Society of Hypertension 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Nursing, Midwifery and Emergency Care, Faculty of Health and Social StudiesThe University of South Bohemia in České BudějoviceČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Legal Branches, Management and Economics, Faculty of Health and Social StudiesThe University of South Bohemia in České BudějoviceČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations