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Association of Vitamin D Deficiency with Chronic Stable Angina: A Case Control Study

  • Eman Raslan
  • Saeed S. Abduljalil SolimanEmail author
  • Zeinab A. Nour
  • Dalia Ahmed
  • Nagwa Eid Sobhy Saad
Original Article
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

Coronary heart disease is a major cause of death worldwide. Although the relationship between vitamin D status and cardiovascular diseases is not clearly understood, vitamin D deficiency could be a potentially modifiable and underestimated risk factor for ischemic heart diseases. This study aims to assess and compare vitamin D status between patient group with chronic stable angina and matched control group.

Methods

A case-control study was conducted on chronic stable angina patients and matched controls attending family medicine/internal medicine clinics at Cairo University Hospitals. Forty two adult patients with chronic stable angina and forty two matched controls were studied. Detailed medical history, examination, and laboratory tests (vitamin D, fasting lipid profile, and blood sugar) were collected from study participants of both groups.

Results

Severe vitamin D deficiency was found in 78.6% and 7.1% of cases and controls, respectively. Vitamin D level was found to be a significant predictor of chronic stable angina. Every unit (ng/ml) increase in vitamin D level decreases the chance of the subject to have chronic stable angina by 0.30 times.

Conclusion

There is a significant association between vitamin D deficiency and the occurrence of chronic stable angina.

Keywords

Vitamin D Angina Ischemic heart disease Coronary artery disease 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest. 

Ethical approval

The study protocol was approved by the Ethical Committee of Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University.

Informed consent

Participants were informed about the objectives, methods, and possible impact of the study and a written consent was obtained.

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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Hypertension 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eman Raslan
    • 1
  • Saeed S. Abduljalil Soliman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zeinab A. Nour
    • 1
  • Dalia Ahmed
    • 1
  • Nagwa Eid Sobhy Saad
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of MedicineCairo UniversityGizaEgypt

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