Sports Medicine

, Volume 49, Issue 11, pp 1625–1627 | Cite as

How the 2018 US Physical Activity Guidelines are a Call to Promote and Better Understand Acute Physical Activity for Cognitive Function Gains

  • Yu-Kai ChangEmail author
  • Kirk I. Erickson
  • Emmanuel Stamatakis
  • Tsung-Min Hung


The new 2018 edition of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PAGA18) released by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [1] and directly informed by the 779-page 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Scientific Report [2] will undoubtedly change how we promote and research physical activity (PA). For the first time, PAGA18 include new insights on the role of a single session of PA for cognitive function and brain health, suggesting that the scientific evidence supporting PA benefits on cognitive function and brain health has matured. In addition, considering the difficulty in initiating and adhering to a long-term exercise program, cognitive function benefits from a single bout may provide a new approach to promote exercise for people who are not ready yet to adopt and adhere to an ongoing habitual exercise routine.

Current Recommendation: Acute Exercise and Cognitive Function

A single session of PA is known as an acute or single bout of...


Compliance with Ethical Standards


This article was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (MOST 105-2628-H-003-004-MY3 and 107-2628-H-003-003-MY3), and also by the National Taiwan Normal University through the Higher Education Sprout Project of the Ministry of Education (MOE) in Taiwan to Yu-Kai Chang.

Conflict of interest

Yu-Kai Chang, Kirk Erickson, Emmanuel Stamatakis, and Tsung-Min Hung declare that they have no conflicts of interest relevant to the content of this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu-Kai Chang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kirk I. Erickson
    • 3
    • 4
  • Emmanuel Stamatakis
    • 5
  • Tsung-Min Hung
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physical EducationNational Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipeiTaiwan, ROC
  2. 2.Institute for Research Excellence in Learning ScienceNational Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipeiTaiwan, ROC
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  4. 4.Discipline of Exercise Science, College of Science, Health, Engineering and EducationMurdoch UniversityPerthAustralia
  5. 5.Charles Perkins Centre, Prevention Research Collaboration, School of Public HealthUniversity of SydneyCamperdownAustralia

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