CNS Drugs

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 259–267 | Cite as

Newer Antiepileptic Drugs for Status Epilepticus in Adults: What’s the Evidence?

Review Article
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Abstract

Status epilepticus (SE) is one of the most frequent neurological emergencies. Despite this, understanding of its pathophysiology and evidence regarding its management is limited. Rapid, effective, and well-tolerated treatment to achieve seizure cessation is advocated to prevent brain damage or potentially lethal outcomes. The last two decades have witnessed an exponential increase in the number of available antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). These compounds, especially lacosamide and levetiracetam, in view of their intravenous formulation, have been increasingly prescribed in SE. These and other newer AEDs present a promising profile in terms of tolerability, with few centrally depressive effects, favorable pharmacokinetic properties, and fewer drug interactions than classical AEDs; conversely, they are more expensive. There is still no clear evidence to suggest a specific beneficial impact of newer AEDs on SE outcome, preventing any strong recommendation regarding their prescription in SE. Further comparative studies are urgently required to clarify their place and optimal use in the armamentarium of SE treatment.

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Funding

No sources of funding were used to prepare this manuscript.

Conflict of interest

I. Beuchat, J. Novy, and A.O. Rossetti have no conflicts of interest that are directly related to the content of this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabelle Beuchat
    • 1
  • Jan Novy
    • 1
  • Andrea O. Rossetti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Service de Neurologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), CHUV-BH07University of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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