, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 9–14 | Cite as

Current Ebola Virus Vaccine Progress

  • Andrea Marzi
  • Chad E. MireEmail author
Leading Article


Over 40 years since the discovery of Ebola virus, the anti-Ebola virus vaccine efforts of the past 2 decades have culminated in over 12 different vaccine candidates that have been placed into a number of clinical trial phases, past and present. Of these 12 vaccines, four candidates are up to or in phase II clinical trials, and only one has completed the phase III clinical trial stage. While remarkable progress toward a national regulatory agency-approved vaccine for Ebola virus has been made, there remain unanswered questions on issues such as, but not limited to, vaccine protective immunity and duration of that immunity, and the appropriate vaccination strategy for those at risk of Ebola virus infection.



We thank Heinz Feldmann for his critical review of the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards


This article was funded by the Division of Intramural Research, NIAID, NIH and UC7 AI094660 to UTMB for BSL-4 operations.

Conflict of interest

Andrea Marzi and Chad Mire have no conflicts of interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Virology, Division of Intramural ResearchNational Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of HealthHamiltonUSA
  2. 2.Galveston National Laboratory, and Department of Microbiology and ImmunologyUniversity of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

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