An Assessment of Domestic Financing for Reproductive, Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Potential Gains and Fiscal Space
Reproductive, maternal, neonatal and child health (RMNCH) remains an important public health objective. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), inadequate financial commitment continues to pose a major challenge to improving RMNCH outcomes. Understanding financing gains and potential fiscal space for RMNCH can therefore not be overemphasized.
This study sought to analyse the potential gains from increased domestic financing as a source for improving RMNCH outcomes in SSA. We also assessed, in addition to the potential gains, the potential fiscal space available for financing RMNCH in SSA.
Our study used panel econometric techniques to estimate gains from increased health financing in terms of RMNCH. We also reviewed tax system performance as well as debt sustainability to identify fiscal space potentials across countries.
We found significant gains from both domestic and external financing. The estimated elasticities suggest that the gains from domestic public financing were much stronger. The fiscal space options identified include tax revenue performance improvements, improved public financial management, and borrowing, at least in the short to medium term. The results show that fiscal space from improved tax systems ranged from US$34.6 per capita in Uganda to US$310.6 per capita in Nigeria.
This result reinforces calls for increased domestic financing for health through innovations in domestic resource mobilization. Improving the performance of tax systems will be a step in the right direction, with possible long-term gains to the health sector.
The authors are grateful to Atakorah Yaw Boateng and Richard Ofori Boateng for the research support they provided. They also acknowledge the administrative and secretariat support received from the office of the African Health Economics and Policy Association (AfHEA).
CA and JN conceived the study and supervised the analysis; JN, EA and DMA undertook the analysis; and CA, JN, EA and DMA prepared the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final version submitted for publication.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
The authors received funding from the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) (Grant no. RC17505) to support this study.
Conflict of interest
Chris Atim, Eric Arthur, Daniel Malik Achala and Jacob Novignon, declare they have no conflicts of interest to report.
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