Chemical Research in Chinese Universities

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 586–591 | Cite as

FTIR Spectroscopy in Cultural Heritage Studies: Non-destructive Analysis of Chinese Handmade Papers

  • Yueer Yan
  • Chenqing Wen
  • Ming Jin
  • Lian Duan
  • Ruohong Zhang
  • Chan Luo
  • Jianfang Xiao
  • Zhaoqi Ye
  • Boxu Gao
  • Peng LiuEmail author
  • Yi TangEmail author


Chinese handmade papers have been the carriers of paper-based documents, paintings and calligraphies, which are of great importance for historical and cultural heritage studies. This research developed the attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared(ATR-FTIR) spectroscopic technique for the analysis of Chinese handmade papers. The test was applied to Chinese handmade papers taken from bark, hemp and bamboo groups, followed by papers from ancient books and arts collected in library and museum. Our study indicated that FTIR was an efficient analytical method to identify fiber types of library/museum papers of unknown origin. Moreover, information about degree of crystallinity and state of deterioration of cellulosic fibers was learned from FTIR spectra. This research provides a non-destructive method to study the molecular structure of cellulosic fibers, and guides the selection of appropriate Chinese handmade papers for the restoration of cultural heritage objects.


Attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared(ATR-FTIR) spectrum Chinese handmade paper Fiber identification Crystallinity State of deterioration 


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Copyright information

© Jilin University, The Editorial Department of Chemical Research in Chinese Universities and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yueer Yan
    • 1
  • Chenqing Wen
    • 2
  • Ming Jin
    • 2
  • Lian Duan
    • 4
  • Ruohong Zhang
    • 3
  • Chan Luo
    • 3
  • Jianfang Xiao
    • 3
  • Zhaoqi Ye
    • 2
  • Boxu Gao
    • 2
  • Peng Liu
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yi Tang
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute for Preservation and Conservation of Chinese Ancient BooksFudan University Library, Fudan UniversityShanghaiP. R. China
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryFudan UniversityShanghaiP. R. China
  3. 3.Shanghai Institute of Quality Inspection and Technical ResearchShanghaiP. R. China
  4. 4.History InstituteShanghai Academy of Social SciencesShanghaiP. R. China

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