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Characterization of Five Kinds of Wood Vinegar Obtained from Agricultural and Forestry Wastes and Identification of Major Antioxidants in Wood Vinegar

  • Zhanchao Li
  • Zhiquan Zhang
  • Lijie Wu
  • Hanqi Zhang
  • Ziming WangEmail author
Article
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

Wood vinegar(WV) has a powerful antioxidant activity, but it is unclear which components are responsi-ble for the antioxidant activity. In the present study, the double-column retention index qualitative method was used for the identification of the major components in five kinds of WV. And the major antioxidants of wood vinegar were accurately identified with the aid of Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients and authentic standard samples. Our results demonstrate that phenolic compounds are mainly responsible for the powerful antioxidant activity. 2,6-Dimethoxyphenol is the most powerful antioxidant in WV. 2-Methoxyphenol and 3-methyl-1,2-cyclopentane-dione also have an important influence on the antioxidant activity of WV. Our results suggest that the contents of 2-methoxyphenol, 2,6-dimethoxyphenol and 3-methyl-1,2-cyclopentanedione should act as the criteria for evaluating the antioxidant activity of WV. Our work will provide useful information for WV’s application in the fields of food and medicine as antioxidants.

Keywords

Antioxidant activity 2,6-Dimethoxyphenol 3-Methyl-1,2-cyclopentanedione 2-Methoxyphenol Retention index Wood vinegar 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Qitai Carbon Technology Company (Shijiazhuang, China) for experimental assistance.

Supplementary material

40242_2019_8207_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (470 kb)
Supporting information

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Copyright information

© Jilin University, The Editorial Department of Chemical Research in Chinese Universities and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhanchao Li
    • 1
  • Zhiquan Zhang
    • 1
  • Lijie Wu
    • 2
  • Hanqi Zhang
    • 1
  • Ziming Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of ChemistryJilin UniversityChangchunP. R. China
  2. 2.College of Chinese Materia MediaTianjin University of Traditional Chinese MedicineTianjinP. R. China

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