Advertisement

Evaluation of phosphate removal from aqueous solution using metal organic framework; isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic study

  • Sajad Mazloomi
  • Mahmood Yousefi
  • Heshmatollah Nourmoradi
  • Mahmoud ShamsEmail author
Research Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Phosphate (PO43−) is the main etiological factor of eutrophication in surface waters. Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are novel hybrid materials with amazing structural properties that make them a prominent material for adsorption.

Methods

Zeolitic imidazolate framework 67 (ZIF-67), a water stable member of MOFs, with a truncated rhombic dodecahedron crystalline structure was synthesized in aqueous environment at room temperature and then characterized using XRD and SEM. PO43− adsorption from synthetic solutions using ZIF-67 in batch mode were evaluated and a polynomial model (R2: 0.99, R2adj: 0.98, LOF: 0.1433) developed using response surface methodology (RSM).

Results

The highest PO43− removal (99.2%) after model optimization obtained when ZIF-67 dose, pH and mixing time adjusted to 6.82, 832.4 mg/L and 39.95 min, respectively. The optimum PO43− concentration in which highest PO43− removal and lowest adsorbent utilization occurs, observed at 30 mg/L. PO43− removal eclipsed significantly in the presence of carbonate. The equilibrium and kinetic models showed that PO43− adsorbed in monolayer (qmax: 92.43 mg/g) and the sorption process controlled in the sorption stage. Adsorption was also more favorable at higher PO43− concentration, according to the separation factor (KR) graph. Thermodynamic parameters (minus signs of ∆G°, ∆H° of 0.179 KJ/mol and ∆S° of 44.91 KJ/mol.K) demonstrate the spontaneous, endothermic and physisorption nature of the process.

Conclusion

High adsorption capacity and adsorption rates, make ZIF-67 a promising adsorbent for PO43− removal from aqueous environment.

Keywords

Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) ZIF-67 Adsorption Phosphate RSM Thermodynamic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to appreciate the financial support provided by Ilam University of Medical Science, Iran (Grant Number: 974001-14).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors of this article declare that they have no conflict of interests.

References

  1. 1.
    Sun Y, Sun Q, Huang H, Aguila B, Niu Z, Perman JA, et al. A molecular-level superhydrophobic external surface to improve the stability of metal–organic frameworks. J Mater Chem A. 2017;5(35):18770–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stock N, Biswas S. Synthesis of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs): routes to various MOF topologies, morphologies, and composites. Chem Rev. 2011;112(2):933–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shams M, Dehghani MH, Nabizadeh R, Mesdaghinia A, Alimohammadi M, Najafpoor AA. Adsorption of phosphorus from aqueous solution by cubic zeolitic imidazolate framework-8: modeling, mechanical agitation versus sonication. J Mol Liq. 2016;224:151–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yin Z, Wan S, Yang J, Kurmoo M, Zeng M-H. Recent advances in post-synthetic modification of metal–organic frameworks: New types and tandem reactions. J Coord Chem. 2017;In Press.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Li S, Zhang X, Huang Y. Zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 derived nanoporous carbon as an effective and recyclable adsorbent for removal of ciprofloxacin antibiotics from water. J Hazard Mater. 2017;321:711–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhang L, Su Z, Jiang F, Yang L, Qian J, Zhou Y, et al. Highly graphitized nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanopolyhedra derived from ZIF-8 nanocrystals as efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reactions. Nanoscale. 2014;6(12):6590–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chaikittisilp W, Hu M, Wang H, Huang H-S, Fujita T, Wu KC-W, et al. Nanoporous carbons through direct carbonization of a zeolitic imidazolate framework for supercapacitor electrodes. Chem Comm. 2012;48(58):7259–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li J, Zhu Q-L, Xu Q. Pd nanoparticles supported on hierarchically porous carbons derived from assembled nanoparticles of a zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-8) for methanol electrooxidation. Chem Comm. 2015;51(54):10827–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hao L, Wang C, Wu Q, Li Z, Zang X, Wang Z. Metal–organic framework derived magnetic nanoporous carbon: novel adsorbent for magnetic solid-phase extraction. Anal Chem. 2014;86(24):12199–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jian M, Liu B, Zhang G, Liu R, Zhang X. Adsorptive removal of arsenic from aqueous solution by zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) nanoparticles. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp. 2015;465:67–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Liu B, Jian M, Liu R, Yao J, Zhang X. Highly efficient removal of arsenic (III) from aqueous solution by zeolitic imidazolate frameworks with different morphology. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp. 2015;481:358–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yan X, Hu X, Chen T, Zhang S, Zhou M. Adsorptive removal of 1-naphthol from water with Zeolitic imidazolate framework-67. J Phys Chem Solids. 2017;107(8):50–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yong P, Zhi L, Zhe Z, Xiong-Shi T, Hai L, Chong-Zhi J, et al. Adsorptive removal of phenol from aqueous solution with zeolitic imidazolate framework-67. J Environ Manag. 2016;169(169):167–73.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Huang Y, Zeng X, Guo L, Lan J, Zhang L, Cao D. Heavy metal ion removal of wastewater by zeolite-imidazolate frameworks. Sep Purif Technol. 2018;194:462–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu J, Wu Y, Wu C, Muylaert K, Vyverman W, Yu H-Q, et al. Advanced nutrient removal from surface water by a consortium of attached microalgae and bacteria: a review. Bioresour Technol. 2017;241:1127–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mahvi AH. Ebrahimi SJA-d, Mesdaghinia a, Gharibi H, Sowlat MH. Performance evaluation of a continuous bipolar electrocoagulation/electrooxidation–electroflotation (ECEO–EF) reactor designed for simultaneous removal of ammonia and phosphate from wastewater effluent. J Hazard Mater. 2011;192(3):1267–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rafati L, Nabizadeh R, Mahvi AH, Dehghani MH. Removal of phosphate from aqueous solutions by iron nano-particle resin Lewatit (FO36). Korean J Chem Eng. 2012;29(4):473–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Khalil AM, Eljamal O, Amen TW, Sugihara Y, Matsunaga N. Optimized nano-scale zero-valent iron supported on treated activated carbon for enhanced nitrate and phosphate removal from water. Chem Eng J. 2017;309:349–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Khazaei M, Nabizadeh R, Mahvi AH, Izanloo H, Ansari Tadi R, Gharagazloo F. Nitrogen and phosphorous removal from aerated lagoon effluent using horizontal roughing filter (HRF). Desalin Water Treat. 2016;57(12):5425–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yousefi N, Fatehizedeh A, Ghadiri K, Mirzaei N, Ashrafi SD, Mahvi AH. Application of nanofilter in removal of phosphate, fluoride and nitrite from groundwater. Desalin Water Treat. 2016;57(25):11782–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Malakootian M, Yousefi N, Fatehizadeh A, Van Ginkel SW, Ghorbani M, Rahimi S, et al. Nickel (II) removal from industrial plating effluent by Fenton process. Environ Eng Manag J. 2015;14(4):837–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ahmadian M, Yosefi N, Toolabi A, Khanjani N, Rahimi S, Fatehizadeh A. Adsorption of Direct Yellow 9 and Acid Orange 7 from Aqueous Solutions by Modified Pumice. Asian J Chem. 2012;24(7).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pourfadakari S, Yousefi N, Mahvi AH. Removal of reactive red 198 from aqueous solution by combined method multi-walled carbon nanotubes and zero-valent iron: equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamic. Chin J Chem Eng. 2016;24(10):1448–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rezaee R, Maleki A, Jafari A, Mazloomi S, Zandsalimi Y, Mahvi AH. Application of response surface methodology for optimization of natural organic matter degradation by UV/H2O2 advanced oxidation process. J Environ Health Sci Eng. 2014;12(1):67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Arslan A, Topkaya E, Bingöl D, Veli S. Removal of anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate from aqueous solutions by O3/UV/H2O2 advanced oxidation process: process optimization with response surface methodology approach. Sustain Environ Res. 2017;28(2):65–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Im J-K, Cho I-H, Kim S-K, Zoh K-D. Optimization of carbamazepine removal in O3/UV/H2O2 system using a response surface methodology with central composite design. Desalination. 2012;285:306–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Guo X, Xing T, Lou Y, Chen J. Controlling ZIF-67 crystals formation through various cobalt sources in aqueous solution. J Solid State Chem. 2016;235:107–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Qu J, Meng X, You H, Ye X, Du Z. Utilization of rice husks functionalized with xanthates as cost-effective biosorbents for optimal cd (II) removal from aqueous solution via response surface methodology. Bioresour Technol. 2017;241:1036–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Du X-D, Wang C-C, Liu J-G, Zhao X-D, Zhong J, Li Y-X, et al. Extensive and selective adsorption of ZIF-67 towards organic dyes: performance and mechanism. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2017;506:437–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Dehghan A, Zarei A, Jaafari J, Shams M, Khaneghah AM. Tetracycline removal from aqueous solutions using zeolitic imidazolate frameworks with different morphologies: a mathematical modeling. Chemosphere. 2018.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Qasemi M, Afsharnia M, Zarei A, Najafpoor AA, Salari S, Shams M. Phenol removal from aqueous solution using Citrullus colocynthis waste ash. Data Brief. 2018;18:620–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Yoon H-S, Chung KW, Kim C-J, Kim J-H, Lee H-S, Kim S-J, et al. Characteristics of phosphate adsorption on ferric hydroxide synthesized from a Fe 2 (SO 4) 3 aqueous solution discharged from a hydrometallurgical process. Korean J Chem Eng. 2018;35(2):470–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Xiong W, Tong J, Yang Z, Zeng G, Zhou Y, Wang D, et al. Adsorption of phosphate from aqueous solution using iron-zirconium modified activated carbon nanofiber: performance and mechanism. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2017;493:17–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Fang L, Wu B, Lo IM. Fabrication of silica-free superparamagnetic ZrO2@ Fe3O4 with enhanced phosphate recovery from sewage: performance and adsorption mechanism. Chem Eng J. 2017;319:258–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Lai L, Xie Q, Chi L, Gu W, Wu D. Adsorption of phosphate from water by easily separable Fe3O4@SiO2 core/shell magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with hydrous lanthanum oxide. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2016;465:76–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Dong S, Wang Y, Zhao Y, Zhou X, Zheng H. La3+/La (OH)3 loaded magnetic cationic hydrogel composites for phosphate removal: effect of lanthanum species and mechanistic study. Water Res. 2017;126:433–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Riahi K, Thayer BB, Mammou AB, Ammar AB, Jaafoura MH. Biosorption characteristics of phosphates from aqueous solution onto Phoenix dactylifera L. date palm fibers. J Hazard Mater. 2009;170(2–3):511–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Huang W-Y, Li D, Liu Z-Q, Tao Q, Zhu Y, Yang J, et al. Kinetics, isotherm, thermodynamic, and adsorption mechanism studies of La (OH)3-modified exfoliated vermiculites as highly efficient phosphate adsorbents. Chem Eng J. 2014;236:191–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Xie Q, Li Y, Lv Z, Zhou H, Yang X, Chen J, et al. Effective adsorption and removal of phosphate from aqueous solutions and eutrophic water by Fe-based MOFs of MIL-101. Sci Rep. 2017;7(1):3316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Lin J, Wang X, Zhan Y. Effect of precipitation pH and coexisting magnesium ion on phosphate adsorption onto hydrous zirconium oxide. J Environ Sci. 2018(In Press).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Lin J, Zhang Z, Zhan Y. Effect of humic acid preloading on phosphate adsorption onto zirconium-modified zeolite. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2017;24(13):12195–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sajad Mazloomi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mahmood Yousefi
    • 3
  • Heshmatollah Nourmoradi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mahmoud Shams
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthIlam University of Medical SciencesIlamIran
  2. 2.Biotechnology and Medicinal Plants Research Center, Faculty of MedicineIlam University of Medical SciencesIlamIran
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public HealthTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Social Determinants of Health Research CenterMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran
  5. 5.Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of HealthMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran

Personalised recommendations