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The impact of diabetes mellitus on quality of life – differences between genders

  • Juliana Vallim Jorgetto
  • Laercio Joel Franco
Research Article

Abstract

Objective

To determine whether there are gender differences in the impact of the disease in the quality of life of individuals with Diabetes Mellitus type 2.

Methods

The sample consisted of 192 individuals distributed in equal numbers by gender. Data were collected between the months of August 2013 to May 2014, by sociodemographic and clinical questionnaires and instruments for assessing quality of life (PAID) and adherence to treatment.

Results

The age of the patients ranged from 30 to 80 years old with a mean of 61 years of age (± 11). B-PAID scores were higher in men except in issues related to social support, but the differences were not statistically significant; 51.7% of the patients with good adherence to treatment were women and 48.3% were men.

Conclusions

The perception of the impact of diabetes in the quality of life of individuals in the present study, measured by the B-PAID instrument, showed that the highest scores predominate in men, that is, they have a higher degree of emotional distress than women. In the group with good adherence to treatment, there is a greater number of individuals with higher PAID scores, especially in men. In the group with poor adherence to treatment, the number of individuals with a high degree of emotional distress was similar in both sexes. This research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of UNIFESP, through Plataforma Brasil (Protocol number 103,384).

Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus Quality of life Genders 

Abbreviations

BMI

Body Mass Index

B-PAID

Questionnair about negative impact of the presence of the diabetes

DM

Diabetes Mellitus

HAS

Systemic Arterial Hypertension

HbA1c

Glycated hemoglobin

MORISKY

Questionnair about treatment adherence

QOL

Quality of Life

SPSS

Statistical program

UNIFESP

University of São Paulo

Notes

Authors’ contributions

The JVJ authors performed the research, analyzed and interpreted the data presented as well as the final writing and LJF conducted the review of all data and writing the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethics approval and consent to participate

This paper reports unpublished data and is not under consideration for publication in other journals. All authors have approved the submission of manuscript to this journal.

The research was submitted for analysis by the Research Ethics Committee of UNIFESP, through the Brazil Platform (Protocol No. 103,384), according to the norms of Resolution No. 466, of December 12, 2012, of the National Health Council.

Consent for publication

Participants responded and signed agreeing to their participation in the study and publication of their data without their identification, according to the Free and Informed Consent Term.

Conflict of interest

The authors of the manuscript entitled “The impact of diabetes mellitus on quality of life - differences between genders” do not have conflicts of financial interest, personal or institutional relationships, referring to the theme or data presented in the manuscript and the financial support received for the research. Were duly mentioned in the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juliana Vallim Jorgetto
    • 1
    • 2
  • Laercio Joel Franco
    • 1
  1. 1.Post Graduate Program in Clinical Encocrinology - Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESPSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.SalvadorBrazil

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