DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 91–92 | Cite as

Metal and bacterial contamination of illicit drugs

  • Jonathan Schimmel
  • Samaneh Nakhaee
  • Omid MehrpourEmail author
Letter to the Editor

Dear Editor-in-Chief

We read with great interest the article by Aghababaei et al. [1]. It is a valuable study that furthers the significant base of literature on contamination of illicit drugs. We wish to comment on several aspects of the study, and to evaluate the methodology and findings in the context of prior work.

The reasons for intentional drug contamination are diverse, including bulking or enhancement of drug effect. Unintentional contamination may follow manufacturing impurities or storage effects. Occasionally, the reasons for contamination are unclear, such as the recent outbreak of brodifacoum tainted synthetic cannabinoids in the United States [2].

Metal contamination of illicit drugs has been understudied, in part because many analyses have used techniques intended to detect volatile compounds, or utilized liquid chromatographic techniques without specifically evaluating for metals. Prior reports have investigated metals in methamphetamine, cannabis, heroin, opium, and...


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Schimmel
    • 1
  • Samaneh Nakhaee
    • 2
  • Omid Mehrpour
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug CenterDenverUSA
  2. 2.Medical Toxicology and Drug Abuse Research Center (MTDRC)Birjand University of Medical Sciences (BUMS)BirjandIran

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