Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, and Corrosion Behavior of MoNbFeCrV, MoNbFeCrTi, and MoNbFeVTi High-Entropy Alloys

  • Chao Xiang
  • Zhi-Ming Zhang
  • Hua-Meng Fu
  • En-Hou HanEmail author
  • Jian-Qiu Wang
  • Hai-Feng Zhang
  • Guo-Dong Hu


The development of high-entropy alloys (HEAs) has stimulated an ever-increasing interest from both academia and industries. In this work, three novel MoNbFeCrV, MoNbFeCrTi, and MoNbFeVTi HEAs containing low thermal neutron absorption cross section elements were prepared by vacuum arc melting. The microstructure, mechanical properties, and corrosion behaviors were investigated. A dominant body-centered cubic (BCC) phase was present in all these three HEAs. In addition, an ordered Laves phase was found to be another major phase in both MoNbFeCrV and MoNbFeCrTi alloys, whereas an ordered BCC (B2) phase was observed in the MoNbFeVTi alloy. The phase formation in these three alloys was discussed. It is found that the formation of the secondary phase in these alloys is mainly ascribed to the large atomic size difference and electronegativity difference. All the three HEAs show high hardness, high yield strength but limited plasticity. Moreover, the MoNbFeCrV, MoNbFeCrTi and MoNbFeVTi alloys exhibit excellent corrosion resistance in both deaerated 1 mol/L NaCl and 0.5 mol/L H2SO4 solutions at room temperature. However, further composition adjustment and/or thermomechanical processing is required to enhance the mechanical properties of the three alloys.


High-entropy alloy Crystal structure Microstructure CALPHAD Mechanical property Corrosion 



This work was supported financially by the Key Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. ZDRW-CN-2017-1).


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society for Metals (CSM) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chao Xiang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhi-Ming Zhang
    • 2
  • Hua-Meng Fu
    • 3
  • En-Hou Han
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jian-Qiu Wang
    • 2
  • Hai-Feng Zhang
    • 3
  • Guo-Dong Hu
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Anisotropy and Texture of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Materials Science and EngineeringNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.CAS Key Laboratory of Nuclear Materials and Safety Assessment, Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina
  3. 3.Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina
  4. 4.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaShenyangChina

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