Tension–Compression Yield Asymmetry Influenced by the Variable Deformation Modes in Gradient Structure Mg Alloys

  • Jiang-Li NingEmail author
  • Bo Xu
  • Yun-Li Feng
  • Xu-Dong Li
  • Xin-Kang Li
  • Wei-Ping Tong


Surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) was carried out on hot-rolled AZ31 Mg samples along two orthogonal directions; as a result, two types of gradient structures with different grain sizes and texture components in different layers were produced. The tension–compression yield asymmetry (YA) was studied using samples with different thicknesses, in order to elucidate the effect of combinations of variable deformation modes operating in different layers of the two oriented SMAT samples. The 0° oriented SMAT sample containing layers with strong basal texture displayed significant YA, because of either dislocation slip or extension twinning domination during tension or compression. By contrast, the 90° oriented SMAT sample containing layers with coexisting orthogonal texture components had an obviously weakened YA, which was attributed to the multi-deformation modes cooperating during tension or compression, i.e., extension twinning or detwinning in conjunction with dislocation slips, leading to close yield stresses compared between tension and compression.


Mg alloy Gradient structure Yield asymmetry Texture Deformation mechanism 



This work was financially supported by the Defense Industrial Technology Development Program (No. JCKY2018407C008), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (No. 51304061) and the NCST Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (No. JQ201702).


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society for Metals (CSM) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiang-Li Ning
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bo Xu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yun-Li Feng
    • 1
  • Xu-Dong Li
    • 1
  • Xin-Kang Li
    • 1
  • Wei-Ping Tong
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Metallurgy and EnergyNorth China University of Science and TechnologyTangshanChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials, Ministry of EducationNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina

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