Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)

, Volume 32, Issue 10, pp 1237–1243 | Cite as

Effect of Microstructure on Tensile Behavior and Mechanical Stability of Retained Austenite in a Cold-Rolled Al-Containing TRIP Steel

  • Yang ZhaoEmail author
  • Wen-Ting Zhu
  • Shu Yan
  • Li-Qing Chen


In the present study, a quenching treatment prior to two-stage heat treatment was conducted on a Fe–0.28C–1.55Mn–2.06Al transformation-induced plasticity steel to tailor the final microstructure. Compared with the microstructure of the ferrite, bainite and blocky retained austenite obtained by conventional two-stage heat treatment, the microstructure subjected to quenching plus two-stage heat treatment was composed of the ferrite, lath bainite and film-like retained austenite. The corresponding tensile behavior and mechanical stability of retained austenite were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The results show that the mechanical stability of blocky retained austenite grains is lower and most of them transform to martensite during the tensile deformation, which leads to higher ultimate tensile strength and instantaneous work hardening exponent. Film-like retained austenite has relatively higher stability, which could cause sustained work hardening and high ductility as well as product of strength and elongation.


Transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steel Retained austenite stability Microstructure Mechanical properties Work hardening behavior 



This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51501031) and the Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province (No. 20170520348).


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society for Metals (CSM) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yang Zhao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wen-Ting Zhu
    • 2
  • Shu Yan
    • 1
  • Li-Qing Chen
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Rolling and AutomationNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina

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