Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)

, Volume 32, Issue 10, pp 1181–1194 | Cite as

Surface and Subsurface Defects Studies of Dental Alloys Exposed to Sandblasting

  • Krzysztof SiemekEmail author
  • Mirosław Kulik
  • Marat Eseev
  • Mirosław Wróbel
  • Andrey Kobets
  • Oleg Orlov
  • Alexey Sidorin


The defects created in commercial dental alloys during blasting with alumina particles propelled in compressed air under pressure 0.1 and 0.4 MPa have been studied using positron annihilation spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. It was observed that higher pressure causes the increase in roughness and damaged zone range. The type of defects was determined as vacancies on dislocations. The defect concentration decreases with the depth and depends on alloys’ type and applied pressure. The Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and variable energy positron beam studies indicate shallow alumina deposition in material and show that small pressure of 0.1 MPa is not enough to remove metal surface oxides completely in 60 s in all studied dental alloys.


Sandblasting Positron annihilation technique Dental alloys Defects analysis Oxides 


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society for Metals (CSM) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Joint Institute for Nuclear ResearchDubna, Moscow RegionRussian Federation
  2. 2.Institute of Nuclear Physics, PASKrakówPoland
  3. 3.Institute of PhysicsMaria Curie-Skłodowska UniversityLublinPoland
  4. 4.Northern Arctic Federal UniversityArkhangelskRussian Federation
  5. 5.AGH University of Science and TechnologyKrakówPoland
  6. 6.Institute of Electrophysics and Radiation TechnologiesNAS of UkraineKharkivUkraine

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