Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 391–400 | Cite as

Coil Ambient Temperature and Its Influence on the Formation of Blocking Layer in the Electromagnetic Induction-Controlled Automated Steel-Teeming System

  • Ming He
  • Xian-Liang Li
  • Xing-An Liu
  • Xiao-Wei Zhu
  • Tie Liu
  • Qiang WangEmail author


Ambient temperature of induction coil is an important factor to influence the implementation of the electromagnetic induction-controlled automated steel-teeming (EICAST) technology. Meanwhile, it also affects the formation of Fe–C alloy blocking layer, which determines the length and installation position of induction coil. An experimental platform was designed to imitate actual working conditions in a ladle with the EICAST system. Ambient temperature of induction coil under high-temperature condition was measured to verify the accuracy of numerical result. After containing molten steel for 120 min and steel teeming for 40 min, the ambient temperature on the upper side of induction coil is 791 °C. In addition, the position of blocking layer in a 110 t ladle was measured by sand-collection and steel-pour methods, and the criterion temperatures of blocking layer in numerical simulation process were corrected. When the refining temperature is 1600 °C and the containing time of molten steel is 120 min, the thickness of blocking layer is 130 mm, and the distance between the upper surface of blocking layer and the upper surface of nozzle brick is 154 mm. When the criterion temperatures are 919 °C and 428 °C, the numerical results can be used to confirm the position of blocking layer and the installation position of induction coil.


Clean steel EICAST technology Heat transfer Blocking layer Coil ambient temperature 



This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. U1560207).


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society for Metals and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ming He
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xian-Liang Li
    • 1
    • 3
  • Xing-An Liu
    • 1
  • Xiao-Wei Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tie Liu
    • 1
  • Qiang Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials (Ministry of Education)Northeastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina

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