Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 52–62 | Cite as

Microstructural Characterization and Tensile Behavior of Rutile (TiO2)-Reinforced AA6063 Aluminum Matrix Composites Prepared by Friction Stir Processing

  • Sahayam Joyson Abraham
  • Isaac DinaharanEmail author
  • Jebaraj David Raja Selvam
  • Esther Titilayo Akinlabi


Rutile (TiO2) particle-reinforced aluminum matrix composites were prepared by friction stir processing. The microstructure was studied using conventional and advanced characterization techniques. TiO2 particles were found to be dispersed uniformly in the composite. Clusters of TiO2 particles were observed at a higher particle content of 18 vol%. The interface between the TiO2 particle and the aluminum matrix was characterized by the absence of pores and reactive layer. Sub-grain boundaries, ultra-fine grains and dislocation density were observed in the composites. TiO2 particles improved the mechanical properties of the composites. However, a drop in tensile strength was observed at a higher particle content due to cluster formation. All the prepared composites exhibited ductile mode of fracture.


Aluminum matrix composites Friction stir processing Rutile Microstructure Tensile strength 



The authors are grateful to Vigshan Tools at Coimbatore, Microscopy Lab at University of Johannesburg, FESEM lab at Coimbatore Institute of Technology, OIM and Texture Lab at Indian Institute of Technology Bombay and PSG Institute of Advanced Studies for providing the facilities to carry out this investigation.


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society for Metals and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sahayam Joyson Abraham
    • 1
  • Isaac Dinaharan
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jebaraj David Raja Selvam
    • 3
  • Esther Titilayo Akinlabi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringV V College of EngineeringTisayanvilaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering ScienceUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKarunya Institute of Technology and SciencesCoimbatoreIndia

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