Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 381–390 | Cite as

Effects of Crystal Orientations on the Low-Cycle Fatigue of a Single-Crystal Nickel-Based Superalloy at 980 °C

  • Liu Liu
  • Jie MengEmail author
  • Jin-Lai Liu
  • Hai-Feng Zhang
  • Xu-Dong Sun
  • Yi-Zhou Zhou


The influence of crystal orientations on the low-cycle fatigue (LCF) behavior of a 3Re-bearing Ni-based single-crystal superalloy at 980 °C has been investigated. It is found that the orientation dependence of the fatigue life not only depends on the elastic modulus, but also the number of active slip planes and the plasticity of materials determine the LCF life, especially for the [011] and [111] specimens. The [011] and [111] specimens with better plasticity withstand relatively concentrated inelastic deformation caused by fewer active slip planes, compared to the [001] specimens resisting widespread deformation caused by a higher number of active slip planes. Additionally, fatigue fracture is also influenced by cyclic plastic deformation mechanisms of the alloy with crystal orientations, and the [001] specimens are plastically deformed by wave slip mechanism and fracture along the non-crystallographic plane, while the [011] and [111] specimens are plastically deformed by planar slip mechanism and fracture along the crystallographic planes. Moreover, casting pores, eutectics, inclusions and surface oxide layers not only initiate the crack, but also reduce the stress concentration around crack tips. Our results throw light upon the effect of inelastic strain on the LCF life and analyze the cyclic plastic deformation for the alloy with different orientations.


Single-crystal superalloy Low-cycle fatigue Anisotropy Fracture behavior 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51571196, 51671188 and 5160119) and Shenyang Science and Technology Project (No. 17-101-2-00). The authors are grateful for those supports.


  1. [1]
    P.A.S. Reed, I. Sinclair, X.D. Wu, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 31, 109 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    T. Jin, Y.Z. Zhou, X.G. Wang, J.L. Liu, X.F. Sun, Z.Q. Hu, Acta Metall. Sin. 51, 1153 (2015) (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    X. Ma, H. Shi, J. Gu, G. Chen, O. Luesebrink, H. Hardersd, Procedia Eng. 2, 2287 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    W.H. Qiu, Z.W. He, Y.N. Fan, H.J. Shi, J.L. Gu, Int. J. Fatigue 83, 335 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    J.S. Wan, Z.F. Yue, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 392, 145 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    L.N. Wang, Y. Liu, J.J. Yu, Y. Xu, X.F. Sun, H.R. Guan, Z.Q. Hu, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 505, 144 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    J. Yu, J.R. Li, J.Q. Zhao, M. Han, Z.X. Shi, S.Z. Liu, H.L. Yuan, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 560, 47 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    R. Chieragatti, L. Remy, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 141, 11 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    T.P. Gabb, J. Gayda, R.V. Miner, Metall. Trans. A 17, 497 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    H.U. Hong, J.G. Kang, B.G. Choi, I.S. Kim, Y.S. Yoo, C.Y. Jo, Int. J. Fatigue 33, 1592 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    J.J. Moverare, S. Johansson, R.C. Reed, Acta Mater. 57, 2266 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    R. Chieragatti, L. Remy, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 141, 1 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Y. Li, B. Su, X. Wu, J. Aeronaut. Mater. 21, 22 (2001) (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    J. Chen, Z. Ding, Z. Yin, Z. Yang, X. Cheng, Mater. Mech. Eng. 30, 9 (2006) (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    M. Segersäll, D. Leidermark, J.J. Moverare, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 623, 68 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Z. He, Y. Zhang, W. Qiu, H. Shi, J. Gu, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 676, 246 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    S. Li, L. Ping, Rare Met. Mater. Eng. 44, 288 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    T.P. Gabb, G. Welsch, R.V. Miner, J. Gayda, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 108, 189 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    T.P. Gabb, G. Welsch, Acta Metall. 37, 2507 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Y. Li, X. Wu, H. Yu, B. Su, M. Zhang, Mater Mech. Eng. 38, 15 (2014) (in Chinese) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    L. Liu, J. Meng, J. Liu, T. Jin, X. Sun, H. Zhang, Mater. Des. 131, 441 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    L.F. Coffin, Trans. Am. Soc. Mech. Eng. 76, 931 (1954)Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    S.S. Manson, National Advisory Commission on Aeronautics: Report 1170 (Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory, Cleveland, 1954)Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    S. Suresh, Metall. Trans. A 14, 2375 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Z.W. Huang, F.H. Yuan, Z.G. Wang, S.J. Zhu, F.G. Wang, Acta Metall. Sin. 43, 1025 (2007) (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    S. Ma, D. Brown, M. Bourke, M. Daymond, B. Majumdar, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 399, 141 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    W.M. Gui, H.Y. Zhang, M. Yang, T. Jin, X.F. Sun, Q. Zheng, Acta Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.) 30, 1192 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    P. Li, Q.Q. Li, T. Jin, Y.Z. Zhou, J.G. Li, X.F. Sun, Z.F. Zhang, Int. J. Fatigue 63, 137 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Z.W. Huang, F.H. Yuan, Z.G. Wang, S.J. Zhu, F.G. Wang, Acta Metall. Sin. 43, 678 (2007) (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    C. Xu, Q.L. Nai, Z.H. Yao, H. Jiang, J.X. Dong, Acta Metall. Sin. 53, 1453 (2017) (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    M. Valsan, D.H. Sastry, K.B.S. Rao, S.L. Mannan, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 25, 159 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    L. Remy, M. Geuffrard, A. Alam, A. Koster, E. Fleury, Int. J. Fatigue 57, 37 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Z.D. Fan, D. Wang, L.H. Lou, Acta Metall Sin. (Engl. Lett.) 28, 152 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    Z.D. Fan, D. Wang, C. Liu, G. Zhang, J. Shen, L.H. Lou, J. Zhang, Acta Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.) 30, 878 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    J. Telesman, L.J. Ghosn, J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 118, 399 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    R.E. Stoltz, A.G. Pineau, Mater. Sci. Eng. 34, 275 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    K.S. Chan, G.R. Leverant, Metall. Trans. A 18, 593 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Chinese Society for Metals and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liu Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jie Meng
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jin-Lai Liu
    • 2
  • Hai-Feng Zhang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Xu-Dong Sun
    • 1
  • Yi-Zhou Zhou
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Superalloys Division, Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina
  3. 3.Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina

Personalised recommendations