Modeling Strain Localization in Microtextured Regions in a Titanium Alloy: Ti–6Al–4V

  • Kartik Kapoor
  • Ryan Noraas
  • Venkat Seetharaman
  • Michael D. SangidEmail author
Technical Article


Large and highly textured regions, referred to as macrozones or microtextured regions, with sizes up to several orders of magnitude larger than those of the individual grains, are found in dual-phase titanium alloys as a consequence of the manufacturing process route. These macrozones have been shown to play a critical role in the failure of titanium alloys, specifically being linked to crack initiation and propagation during cyclic loading. Modeling microstructures containing macrozones using continuum-level formulations to describe the elastic–plastic deformation at the grain scale, i.e., crystal plasticity, poses computational challenges due to the large size of the macrozones, which in turn prevents the use of modeling approaches to understand their deformation behavior. In this work, a crystal plasticity-based modeling approach is implemented to model macrozones in Ti–6Al–4V. Further, to overcome the large computational expense associated with modeling microstructures containing macrozones, a modeling strategy is introduced based on a crystal plasticity description for the macrozone with a reduced-order model for the surrounding aggregate combining anisotropic elasticity and J2 plasticity, based on crystal plasticity-based training data. This modeling approach provides a grain-level description of deformation within macrozones using elastic–plastic continuum simulations, which has often been overlooked. Finally, the reduced-order model is used to investigate the strain localization within the microstructure and the effect of varying the misorientation tolerance on the localization of plastic strain within the macrozones.


Macrozones Microtextured regions Crystal plasticity Reduced-order modeling Misorientation threshold 



This work was financially supported by Pratt and Whitney. The authors would like to thank Dr. Vasisht Venkatesh (Materials and Processing Engineering, Pratt and Whitney) for insightful discussions and Dr. Tom Broderick (Materials Engineering at the Air Force Research Laboratory) for suggestions that improved this work.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

KK and MDS declare no conflicts of interests, while RN and VK are employees of Pratt & Whitney.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Aeronautics and AstronauticsPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  2. 2.Materials and Process EngineeringPratt & WhitneyEast HartfordUSA

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