# 3D Morphological Analysis and Synthesis of Industrial Materials Surfaces

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## Abstract

We present the original results pertaining to understanding topographical features on real industrial alloy surfaces. Quite often, such materials are subjected to different thermomechanical treatments with the goal of improving their yield strength, ductility, corrosion resistance, and other properties. Operations of casting, rolling, extruding, and stretching metal invariably leave their distinct “signatures” on the processed materials’ surfaces. It is highly desirable to be able to perform their characterization not in terms of the numerous surface roughness and/or waviness parameters, but rather in terms of the distinctive contributions of such operations. Indeed, if such a quantitative characterization were possible, it would be much easier to introduce corrective actions into the appropriate chain of production operations. We provide such possibility with the “morphological analysis and synthesis” techniques described in the paper. The results can be quantified either using surface topography measurements or studying light scattering from such surfaces. This last capability also gives a quick check of the “morphological similarity” of the “real” and modeled surfaces (images), which is important, e.g., in phase-field simulations. All calculations were performed using the MorphoHawk© software developed by the author and colleagues.

## Keywords

Mathematical morphology Functional surface metrology Analysis and synthesis of surface features## Notes

### Acknowledgments

This work was initiated some 20 years ago, when the author was working at the Alcoa Technical Center (now Arconic Technical Center) in New Kensington, PA. It was continued for the last 10 years at Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID. It would have been impossible without the generous help and assistance from his colleagues in both organizations: Mr. David E. Coleman, Dr. June M. Epp, Dr. Neville C. Whittle, Dr. Jonell M. Kerkhoff, Ms. Michelle Teichman (all from Arconic (former Alcoa Inc.)). The discussions with Prof. Dierk Raabe (University of Aachen, Germany) have been a great privilege and helped the author to identify the technical path to solving the 3D material characterization problems described in this paper. All these years the author continued collaborating with Prof. Yuri P. Pytyev (Dept. of Physics, Moscow State University, Russian Federation) and his many talented graduate students. At INL, the project was supported by the INL Directors, Dr. Steve Aumeier, Dr. Richard D. Boardman, and Dr. Eric Dufec. Last but certainly not least, a sincere gratitude is extended to Dr. Sergey N. Rashkeev (Qatar Foundation) for many years of fruitful collaboration. To all these colleagues and friends, the author would like to express his most sincere gratitude.

### Disclaimer

This manuscript has been authored by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC07-05ID14517 with the U.S. Department of Energy. The publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges that the US Government retains a non-exclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, worldwide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this manuscript, or allow others to do so, for the US Government.

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