Suggesting a “Three-Ball Cycle” Theory on International Emergency Management and its Application in Korea

  • Kyoo-Man HaEmail author
Original Research


This study proposes a “three-ball cycle” theory to the field of international emergency management and then applies it to Korea for the ultimate goal of contributing to the expansion of emergency management principles. Here, qualitative content analysis supported by multiple perspectives and metaphors has been utilized as a major methodology. Three-ball cycle theory refers to the circulation of the (a) rugby-ball phase, (b) the soccer-ball phase, and (c) the play-ball phase. As an illustrative case, this paper analyzes the Korean emergency management principles via six major emergencies, namely fire, flood accompanied by typhoon, food contamination, cyber attack, special events like accidents or catastrophes, and suicide. The major finding is that the international community needs to utilize the three-ball cycle theory as a new emergency management principle. Accordingly, Korea should change its current practice of adhering to the one- or two-ball cycle theory and resort to implementing the three-ball cycle theory.


Emergency management principles Major emergencies Metaphors Three-ball cycle theory Transnational emergency management 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that he does not have any conflict of interests with this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Global Institute of Flexible Systems Management 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Korea Environmental and Safety InstituteInje UniversityGimhae CityKorea

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