Current Anesthesiology Reports

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 15–17 | Cite as

Development of Intensive Care in Low-Resource Regions

  • Janat TumukundeEmail author
  • Cornelius Sendagire
  • Stephen Senyonjo Ttendo
Global Health Anesthesia (MJ Harris, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Global Health Anesthesia


Purpose of review

Since their introduction almost a century ago, intensive care units have become an essential part of the health care system. Although the majority are found in the high-income countries, access to intensive care in the low-income countries has improved. The purpose of this review is to report on the current state of intensive care in resource-limited settings.

Recent Findings

Lack of basic health care resources still poses a specific challenge to the development and sustainability of health care. In addition, adequate funding, human resource training, and equipment specific to the specialty of critical care pose an even larger setback to the development of critical care in low-resource-limited settings.


Deaths potentially preventable with access to critical care as presented by data from the global disease burden analysis in 2004 are approximately 70% of all recorded deaths in low-income countries. This reflects the large burden of critical illness in low-income countries. Efforts to increase access to hospitals and intensive care for all critically ill patients should grow to match these needs.


Intensive care in low resource Low-resource ICU capacity ICU bed capacity Cost of intensive care 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Janat Tumukunde, Cornelius Sendagire, and Stephen Senyonjo Ttendo declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janat Tumukunde
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cornelius Sendagire
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stephen Senyonjo Ttendo
    • 3
  1. 1.Anaesthesiologist, Department of Anaesthesia, College of Health SciencesMakerere UniversityKampalaUganda
  2. 2.Anaesthesiologist Registrar, Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia and Critical CareUganda Heart InstituteKampalaUganda
  3. 3.Anaesthesiologist, Department of AnaesthesiaMbarara University of Science and TechnologyMbararaUganda

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