Tick-Borne Illness for Emergency Medicine Providers
- 9 Downloads
Purpose of Review
Ticks are the most important vectors of human diseases after mosquitoes. Emergency physicians throughout the USA can be expected to encounter Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichiosis, and other disorders based upon geographic location.
The number of identifiable disorders transmitted by these arthropods has increased in recent years. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome has only been described within the past decade, and the new millennium has seen over 10 new species of rickettsial disease discovered.
Ticks transmit more pathogenic species than any other group of blood-feeding arthropods. This review provides an update on the diagnosis and management of the diseases most likely to be encountered in clinical practice.
KeywordsTick-borne illness Rocky Mountain spotted fever Babesiosis Febrile illness Lyme disease
The authors wish to thank Dr. James Paxton for reviewing their manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
- 2.• Pages F, Dautel H, Duvallet G, Kahl O, de Gentile L, Boulanger N. An excellent overview of prevention of tick-born illness, with repellants and how the maximize their effectiveness.Tick repellents for human use: prevention of tick bites and tick-borne diseases. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2014;14(2):85–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 17.Biggs HM, Behravesh CB, Bradley KK, et al. Diagnosis and management of tickborne rickettsial diseases: Rocky Mountain spotted fever and other spotted fever group Rickettsioses, Ehrlichioses, and Anaplasmosis—United States A practical guide for health care and public health professionals. MMWR. 2016;65(2):1–44.Google Scholar
- 20.Boisset S, Caspar Y, Sutera V, Maurin M. New therapeutic approaches for treatment of tularaemia: a review. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2014;4:40.Google Scholar
- 22.Ashique KT, et al. Radiofrequency device for tick removal. J Am Acad Dermatol. 72(6):155–6.Google Scholar
- 23.Egizi A, Fefferman NH, Jordan RA. Relative risk for ehrlichiosis and Lyme Disease in an area where vectors for both are sympatric, New Jersey, USA. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017;23(6). https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2306.160528