HIV Testing in the Emergency Department
Purpose of Review
This review explores data from the past 5 years with regard to HIV testing and diagnosis in the emergency department, as well downstream linkage to care and several adjuvant approaches. We offer perspectives on futures directions for care.
There are many approaches to HIV testing in the ED. The largest overarching question is that of testing strategies (universal vs targeted, opt in vs out), where data is mixed and there is a lack of randomized control trials. Other studies address different aspects of ED testing, including where to integrate testing into ED workflow, and supplementary approaches such as electronic tablets.
In the USA, the emergency department plays a unique role in healthcare and is positioned to offer significant benefits to HIV testing and diagnosis. There are many ways to improve HIV testing rates, and we await further controlled trials to determine an optimal approach.
KeywordsHIV testing Emergency department Review
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
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