Optimising Medical Management in CRS

  • Viktoria Grammatopoulou
  • Coimbatore V. Praveena
  • Vishnu S. SunkaraneniEmail author
RHINOLOGY: Chronic Rhinosinusitis (C Philpott, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on RHINOLOGY: Chronic Rhinosinusitis
  2. Topical Collection on RHINOLOGY: Chronic Rhinosinusitis


Purpose of Review

We assess the literature on different medical treatment options and their effectiveness in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).

Recent Findings

Although there is significant overlap in the management of CRS, not all therapies are equally effective within CRS phenotypes.


CRS is one of the most common chronic health problems affecting a large proportion of adult population and generating significant economic implications. Despite an unclear pathophysiology of this complex disorder, it is widely recognised that surgery alone does not resolve the chronic inflammation and that ongoing medical treatment remains the key to the successful management of patients with CRS.


Chronic rhinosinusitis Medical management Endoscopic sinus surgery Saline irrigations Aspirin desensitisation Surfactants Immunotherapy 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

The article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Viktoria Grammatopoulou
    • 1
  • Coimbatore V. Praveena
    • 2
  • Vishnu S. Sunkaraneni
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.ENT DepartmentRoyal Surrey County HospitalGuildfordUK
  2. 2.ENT DepartmentFrimley Park HospitalFrimleyUK

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