Current Ophthalmology Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 59–65 | Cite as

Myopic Choroidal Neovascularization: Diagnosis and Treatment Update

  • Mariana R. ThorellEmail author
  • Raquel Goldhardt
Retina (R Goldhardt, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Retina


Purpose of Review

To review the diagnosis and treatment of myopic choroidal neovascularization. Imaging tests currently available and the advantages of each modality for detecting choroidal neovascularization signs are discussed. The management options and the outcomes of different treatment options are also reviewed.

Recent Findings

Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor has become the preferable choice of treatment in myopic choroidal neovascularization cases with improved results. The benefits of a single injection followed by PRN dosing were supported by randomized clinical trials.


Choroidal neovascularization is a common vision threatening complication in patients with pathologic myopia. Most of the patients with this condition are younger than 50 years, and the major concern is to have vision preserved later in life. The investigation of myopic choroidal neovascularization imposes additional tests to be performed in most cases. Anti-vascular endothelial growth therapy has demonstrated superior efficacy over other treatment modalities. However, further studies are required for investigation of the risk factors for recurrences and the long-term treatment strategies.


Pathological myopia Degenerative myopia Choroidal neovascularization Optical coherence tomography Vascular endothelial growth factors 



The editors thank Dr. André Freitas for lending his expertise and reviewing this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Financial Support

Supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Office of Research and Development, Clinical Sciences Research EPID-006-15S, NIH Center Core Grant P30EY014801, and Research to Prevent Blindness Unrestricted Grant.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology St. Paul’s Eye UnitRoyal Liverpool University HospitalLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye InstituteUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Miami Veterans Administration Medical CenterMiamiUSA

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