A Review of the Currently Available Retrievable and Next Generation Inferior Vena Cava Filters
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A review and comparison of the currently available removal and novel Inferior Vena Cava Filters; including design characteristics, composition, delivery methods, and limitations. This article is aimed at aiding interventionists in filter selection by providing easily accessible data.
The Inferior Vena Cava filters has and will continue to play a primary role in the prevention of thromboembolic disease, especially in the acute care setting. There are a plethora of publications regarding the safety and efficacy of the traditional removable filter in addition to multiple comparative analyses discussing their intervariability and design characteristics. Over the last three years, the FDA has approved novel filter designs for widespread use. While the research on these “next-generation” filters is relatively limited compared to the traditional designs, the results are promising.
Nine of the most commonly used filters in the United States were included in the final review. Manufacture specifications are listed for each filter. The available literature, including clinical trials on the newer generation filter designs, is summarized. Understanding of the variability between filter options, short- and long-term complications, optimal removal time, delivery methods, and retrieval methods will hopefully aid current and future practitioners in optimizing their filter selection to improve patient care.
KeywordsIVC Comparison Removable Next generation Design Filters
Compliance with Ethical Guidelines
Conflict of interest
Adam Sucher, Minn Thant, and Hani Abujudeh declare no potential conflicts of interest.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Important •• Very important
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