Implementation of CFD–FSI Technique Coupled with Response Surface Optimization method for Analysis of Three-Lobe Hydrodynamic Journal Bearing

  • D. Y. DhandeEmail author
  • G. H. Lanjewar
  • D. W. Pande
Original Contribution


In the work presented here, numerical simulations were carried out using computational fluid dynamics and fluid–structure interactions for three-lobe journal bearing. ANSYS Workbench® software was used for the study. The elastic deformations were also considered for the analysis. The fluid pressure forces and displacements were transferred through inbuilt transfer interface available in the software. The optimized journal bearing position was achieved using a response surface optimization technique. The methodology was validated by comparing numerical results obtained with experimental results available in the literature, and a good agreement was found. The proposed numerical method was implemented to study the pressure distribution in three-lobe journal bearing considered for study at three eccentricity ratios 0.25, 0.6 and 0.75 for various speeds ranging from 1000 to 4000 RPM. Preload factor of 0.5 was considered for the study. The results were compared with a set of experimental data obtained on a test rig developed by the authors.


Three-lobe bearing Computational fluid dynamics Fluid–structure interaction Response surface analysis Numerical analysis of hydrodynamic bearing 

List of symbols


Bearing clearance (m)


Lobe clearance or machined clearance (m)


Shaft diameter (m)


Eccentricity between shaft and bearing


Film thickness (m)


Unit tensor


Length of the bearing


Shaft center


Bearing center


Static pressure (Pa)


Radius of the shaft (m)




Load carrying capacity (N)


Fluid force matrix


Structural force matrix


Fluid mass matrix


Structural mass matrix


Coupling matrix

\(\overrightarrow {F}\)

External body force (N)


Fluid velocity vector


Relative rigid displacement of the two bearing surfaces


Preload factor


Deformations due to elasticity


Deformation due to thermal expansion


Eccentricity ratio = e/Cb


Angular coordinate (°)


Angle from the +ve X-axis to the minimum film location for a pa


Fluid viscosity (Pa s)


Fluid density (kg/m3)

\(\overline{\overline{\tau }}\)

Stress tensor


Attitude angle (°)


Lobe angle


Angular velocity (rad/s)


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Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAll India Shri Shivaji Memorial Society’s College of EngineeringPuneIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringCollege of Engineering, PuneShivajinagar, PuneIndia

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