Numerical Study on Turbulent Separation Reattachment Flow in Pipe Bends with Different Small Curvature Ratio

  • Prasun DuttaEmail author
  • Nityananda Nandi
Original Contribution


A turbulent separation flow is one of the most complex flows in existence. Flow separation and reattachment phenomena take place on the lower curved wall under high-pressure gradient for high Reynolds number in different pipe bends. The present study deals with the numerical simulation of the turbulent separation reattachment flow under high Reynolds number in different curvature ratios. Through making use of kε turbulence model, the turbulent single-phase flow via a 90-degree bend pipe is studied numerically. A more precise research has been conducted to discover the impact of Reynolds number (Re) as well as curvature ratio (Rc/D) on the reattachment and separation of flow inside the pipe bend. The separation region and the separation–reattachment points are reported here. Additionally, mean statistics of the primary and secondary velocity field flows in diverse sections and the occurrence of Dean vortices have been shown. It has been observed that bends with low curvature ratio enable flow separation to be clearly visualized. Distribution of velocity depicted that the secondary motion is clearly encouraged by the progress of fluid from the inner to the outer wall region of the bend resulting in the separation of flow. In general, this numerical study analyses the flow separation phenomenon and predicts the separation and reattachment locations in 90° bend pipe for different Reynolds numbers and bend curvatures.


Curvature effect Flow separation kε Turbulence model Reynolds number Turbulent flow 


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Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Aerospace Engineering and Applied MechanicsIndian Institute of Engineering Science and TechnologyShibpur, HowrahIndia

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