Estimation of Road Loads and Vibration Transmissibility of Torsion Bar Suspension System in a Tracked Vehicle

  • G. P. S. Gagneza
  • Sujatha ChandramohanEmail author
Original Contribution


Designing the suspension system of a tracked combat vehicle (CV) is really challenging as it has to satisfy conflicting requirements of good ride comfort, vehicle handling and stability characteristics. Many studies in this field have been reported in literature and it has been found that torsion bars satisfy the designer’s conflicting requirements of good ride and handling and thus have reserved a place for themselves as the most widely used suspension system for military track vehicles. Therefore, it is imperative to evaluate the effectiveness of the torsion bar under dynamic conditions of undulating terrain and validating the same by correlating it with computer simulation results. Thus in the present work, the dynamic simulation of a 2N + 4 degrees of freedom (DOF) mathematical model has been carried out using MATLAB Simulink and the vibration levels were also measured experimentally on a 12 wheel stationed high mobility military tracked infantry combat vehicle (ICV BMP-II) traversing different terrain, that is, Aberdeen proving ground (APG) and Sinusoidal, at a constant vehicle speed. The dynamic force transmitted to the hull CG through the 12 torsion bar suspension systems was computed to be around 26,700 N and found to match the measured values. The vibration isolation of the torsion bar in bounce was found to be effective, with a transmissibility from the road wheel to the hull of about 0.6.


Tracked combat vehicle Ride dynamics MATLAB Simulink Torsion bar 



Longitudinal distance of ith road wheel from CG


Lateral distance of ith road wheel from CG


Damping coefficient for ith wheel


Damping coefficient for driver’s seat


Pitch moment of inertia


Roll moment of inertia


Half pitch moment of inertia


Stiffness of driver’s seat


Stiffness of ith torsion bar


Stiffness of ith road wheel


Half hull sprung mass


Hull sprung mass


Track tension


Longitudinal axis


Lateral axis


Vertical axis


Vertical acceleration response of hull


Vertical vibration velocity of hull


Bounce motion of hull


Vertical acceleration response of ith road wheel station


Vertical velocity of ith road wheel station


Bounce motion of ith road wheel station


Road input to ith road wheel


Pitch (about Y-axis)


Pitch of hull CG


Roll (about X-axis)


Roll of hull CG


Yaw (About Z-axis)



The authors acknowledge the support received from Ordnance Factory, Medak and Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment, Chennai, India for conducting the experiments and would like to thank them. Further, necessary funding for the study was provided by IIT Madras.


Funding was provided by IIT Madras.


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Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian ArmyNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Machine Design Section, Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia

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