Development of Diesel Engine Operated Forklift Truck for Explosive Gas Atmospheres

  • Rajendra Kumar VishwakarmaEmail author
  • Arvind Kumar Singh
  • Bhagirath Ahirwal
  • Amalendu Sinha
Original Contribution


For the present study, a prototype diesel engine operated Forklift truck of 2 t capacity is developed for explosive gas atmosphere. The parts of the Forklift truck are assessed against risk of ignition of the explosive gases, vapors or mist grouped in Gr. IIA and having ignition temperature more than 200°C. Identification of possible sources of ignition and their control or prevention is the main objective of this work. The design transformation of a standard Forklift truck into a special Forklift truck is made on prototype basis. The safety parameters of the improved Forklift truck are discussed in this paper. The specially designed Forklift truck is useful in industries where explosive atmospheres may present during normal working conditions and risk of explosion is a concern during handling or transportation of materials. This indigenous diesel engine based Forklift truck for explosive gas atmosphere classified as Zone 1 and Zone 2 area and gas group IIA is developed first time in India in association with the Industry.


Explosive gas Explosion Forklift truck Diesel engine Flame arrestors Material handling 



The authors acknowledge the support of M/s. Godrej & Boyce Mfg. Co. Ltd. for funding this project work.


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Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajendra Kumar Vishwakarma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Arvind Kumar Singh
    • 2
  • Bhagirath Ahirwal
    • 2
  • Amalendu Sinha
    • 2
  1. 1.Nagpur Research Centre (Fuel Sciences)CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel ResearchNagpurIndia
  2. 2.CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel ResearchDhanbadIndia

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