Displacement-Based Design of RC Frames Using Design Spectra of Indian Code and Its Seismic Performance Evaluation

  • Sayed Shuaib Qammer
  • Sejal P. DalalEmail author
  • Purvang Dalal
Original Contribution


A set of 4-, 8-, 12-, and 15-storied reinforced concrete moment resisting frames were analysed and designed by direct displacement-based design method and performance-based plastic design method. The design spectra of Indian Standard IS 1893:2016 have been used for the calculation of base shear after its proper synchronization with respect to both the methods. The seismic performance evaluation was done by nonlinear static pushover analysis, and the parameters of comparison were (a) pushover curves, (b) storey drifts and (c) response reduction factor. Results show satisfactory performance of both the methods in terms of capacity and deformation. The response reduction factor values obtained for both approaches are greater than the IS 1893:2016-specified value which indicate the enhanced ductility for both methods.


Direct displacement-based design Performance-based plastic design Design spectra Ductility factor Seismic performance 



  1. 1.
    IS 1893, ‘Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, Part-1 General Provisions and Buildings’ (Sixth Revision) (Bureau of Indian Standard, New Delhi, 2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.A. Varughese, D. Menon, A.M. Prasad, Simplified Procedure for Displacement-based Design of Stepped Buildings, in Proceedings of 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Lisboa, 2012Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.P. Dalal, S.A. Vasanwala, A.K. Desai, The performance evaluation of ordinary moment resisting frames designed by performance-based plastic design and limit state design. Int. J. Struct. Eng. 6(3), 195–211 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S.P. Dalal, P.D. Dalal, A.K. Desai, Effect of Increasing ductility factors on the performance of a steel moment resisting frame designed by PBPD method attuned with Indian code of practice. Procedia Eng 173, 1862–1869 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.J.N. Priestley, G.M. Calvi, M.J. Kowalsky, Displacement Based Seismic Design of Structures (IUSS Press, Pavia, 2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    W.C. Liao, S.C. Goel, Performance based plastic design and energy based evaluation of seismic resistant RC moment frame. J. Mar. Sci. Technol. 20(3), 304–310 (2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    ASCE, ASCE/SEI 41-06: Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings (ASCE Standard, American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston, 2006)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    FEMA 440, Improvement of Nonlinear Static Seismic Analysis Procedures (Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC, 2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G.W. Housner, The Plastic Failure of Structures during Earthquakes, in Proceedings of 2nd World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo, Japan, 1960, pp 997–1012Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Vidic, P. Fajfar, M. Fischinger, Consistent inelastic design spectra: strength and displacement. Earthq Eng. Struct. Dyn. 23, 507–521 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S.S. Lee, S.C. Goel, Performance-Based Design of Steel Moment Frames Using Target Drift and Yield Mechanism, in Research Report no. UMCEE 01-17, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 2001Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    S.H. Chao, S.C. Goel, S.S. Lee, A seismic design lateral force distribution based on inelastic state of structures. Earthq Spectra 23(3), 547–569 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    IS 456, ‘Plain and Reinforced Code of Practice’ (Fourth Revision) (Bureau of Indian standard, New Delhi, 2000)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    IS 13920, Indian Standard Ductile Detailing of RC Structures Subjected to Seismic Forces- Code of Practice (Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 1993, reaffirmed 2003)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    ATC 19, Structural Response Modification Factors (Applied Technology Council, Redwood City, 1995)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Institution of Engineers (India) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentAl Beroni UniversityKohistanAfghanistan
  2. 2.Civil Engineering DepartmentSVITVasad, Dist. AnandIndia
  3. 3.Faculty of TechnologyDharmsinh Desai UniversityNadiadIndia

Personalised recommendations