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Scarab Beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea: Scarabaeidae) of Vidarbha, India, with Notes on Distribution

  • Suvarna S. KhadakkarEmail author
  • Ashish D. Tiple
  • Arun M. Khurad
Research Article
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Abstract

Surveys for collection of scarab beetles of different habitats of the Vidarbha region of Central India were conducted during 2013–2018. A total of 97 species of 39 genera belonging to 07 subfamilies were identified, where 10 species were newly recorded. Subfamily Scarabaeinae is dominant with 57 species under 18 genera, followed by Melolonthinae with 13 species under 05 genera. Third abundant subfamily in terms of species richness is Rutelinae with 10 species under 04 genera. Cetoniinae contributed 09 species under 08 genera. Aphodiinae and Dynastinae contributed 04 and 02 species, respectively, whereas Orphinae added only 02 species. The most dominating subfamily Scarabaeinae can be further categorized into tunnelers, dwellers and rollers according to their functional group. Tunnelers contribute about 77.19% of the species composition of Scarabaeinae followed by rollers 14.04% and dwellers 8.77%. This study also provides the location-specific occurrence data of beetles from the investigated sites. The presented comprehensive checklist is unique in compiling economically and ecologically important scarab faunal diversity of Vidarbha region of Central India.

Keywords

Scarabaeoidea Scarabaeidae Scarabs Vidarbha Dung beetles 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Dr. M. M. Rai, Coordinator and Dr. M. K. Rathod, Scientist, Centre for Sericulture and Biological Pest Management Research (CSBR), RTM Nagpur University, Nagpur (MS), for providing necessary facilities and encouragement. Authors are also thankful to State Biodiversity Board, Maharashtra, for providing necessary permissions. We acknowledge the help of Mr. Arajush Payra, ZSI, for providing the sampling localities map.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest to publish this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suvarna S. Khadakkar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ashish D. Tiple
    • 2
  • Arun M. Khurad
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Sericulture and Biological Pest Management Research (CSBR)RTM Nagpur UniversityNagpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyVidhyabharti College, SelooWardhaIndia

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