Genetic Structuring in Riverine Population of Channa striata (Bloch, 1793) from India using Cytochrome Oxidase I Gene
- 146 Downloads
The freshwater snakehead murrel fish, Channa striata, is a commercially important and potential candidate species for aquaculture. Sequences of 655 bp long cytochrome oxidase I fragments from 115 individuals, belonging to nine geographically isolated from riverine ecosystems of India, was used for genetic diversity studies. The result indicated 33 polymorphic sites with 31 parsimonious-info and 8 singletons, which revealed the presence of 16 haplotypes with haplotype diversity (H) range from 0.4190 to 0.7424. H2 was found as ancestral haplotype with frequency of 18 individuals. C. striata populations in river Chaliyar showed distinct mitochondrial lineage with maximum 23 points mutations between mv1 to H12 and H3 to H13. The Analysis of Molecular Variance and Fst scores represented the genetic dispersal of C. striata in Indian water. Generally, moderate to high Fst scores were observed in geographically isolated C. striata populations. The finding of analysis suggests a single panmictic population of C. striata across the nine rivers of India.
KeywordsChanna striata COI Genetic diversity Mitochondrial DNA Phylo-geography
The authors are grateful to the Director, ICAR-National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow for the financial as well as laboratories supports and encouragement.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- 1.Abdul Muneer PM, Gopalakrishnan A, Musammilu KK, Mohindra V, Lal KK, Basheer VS, Lakra WS (2009) Genetic variation and population structure of endemic yellow catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma (Bagridae) among three populations of Western Ghat region using RAPD and microsatellite markers. Mol Biol Rep 36:1779–1791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 3.Folmer M, Black W, Hoeh R, Lutz R, Vrijenhoek R (1994) DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol 3:294–299Google Scholar
- 4.Jhingran VG (1982) Fish and fisheries of India, vol 70. Hindustan Publishing Corporation, Delhi, pp 467–470Google Scholar
- 5.Michelle NYT, Shanti G, Loqman M (2004) Effect of orally administered Channa striatus extract against experimentally-induced osteoarthritis in rabbits. Int J Appl Res Vet Med 2:171–175Google Scholar
- 6.Hossain MK, Latifa GA, Rahman MM (2008) Observations on induced breeding of snakehead murrel, Channa striatus (Bloch 1793). Int J Sustain Crop Prod 3:65–68Google Scholar
- 10.Talwar PK, Jhingran AG (1992) Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries, vol 2. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam, pp 543–1158Google Scholar
- 15.Baisvar VS, Kumar R, Singh M, Singh AK, Chauhan UK, Nagpure NS, Kushwaha B (2015) ATPase 8/6 gene based genetic diversity assessment of snakehead murrel, Channa striata (Perciformes, Channidae). Genetika 51:1171–1183Google Scholar
- 17.Maechler M, Rousseeuw P, Struyf A, Hubert M, Hornik K (2013) Cluster: cluster analysis basics and extensions. R Package Ver 1(14):4Google Scholar
- 21.Fu XY (1997) Statistical test of neutrality of mutations against population growth, hitchhiking and background selection. Genetics 147:915–925Google Scholar
- 22.Slatkin M, Hudson R (1991) Pairwise comparison of mitochondrial DNA sequence in stable and exponentially growing populations. Genetics 129:555–562Google Scholar
- 25.Chondar SL (1999) Biology of fin fishes and shellfishes. SCSC Publishers, HowrahGoogle Scholar
- 26.Rogers AR, Harpending H (1992) Population growth makes waves in the distribution of pairwise differences. Mol Biol Evol 9:552–559Google Scholar