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Morphometric Analysis and Deoxyribonucleic Acid Barcoding of New Grapevine Pest, Stromatium barbatum (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in India

  • Rajendra S. Jadhav
  • Deependra S. Yadav
  • Amala Udaykumar
  • Indu S. Sawant
  • Shashikant B. Ghule
  • Akshay M. Bhosale
Research Article
  • 81 Downloads

Abstract

Deoxyribonucleic acid barcoding, using mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase-1 sequence, is an accurate and rapid identification method for insect-taxa and independent of life-stages, sex and polymorphism. The present study aimed at providing deoxyribonucleic acid barcode for the correct identification of Stromatium barbatum (Fabricius), a new pest of grapevines in India. Morphometric analysis and pictorial illustrations of important morphological features and life-stages were also documented for future reference. Average length and breadth (in mm) were 1.012 ± 0.10 and 0.49 ± 0.07 for egg, 1.52 ± 0.15 and 0.50 ± 0.04 for neonate-grub, 35.12 ± 0.47 and 7.08 ± 0.12 for fully matured grub, 26.0 ± 0.25 and 8.64 ± 0.12 for pupa, 21.20 ± 2.51 and 6.02 ± 0.62 for adult-male, and 22.47 ± 2.26 and 6.67 ± 0.75 for adult-female, respectively. Antennae was filiform which was longer in males (30.63 ± 5.89 mm) than females (22.55 ± 4.84 mm). The barcode showed 86% match with closely related S. longicorne and in Neighbor Joining analysis formed monophyletic clade with S. longicorne suggesting correct genus-level identification. Specimens used for sequencing were morphologically identified by an expert taxonomist and compared with type specimens before barcoding and sequences were submitted to National Center for Biotechnology Information. The barcode was put to test for confirmation of size-polymorphism. Cytochrome c oxidase-1 regions were sequenced for morphologically identified S. barbatum large male (2.6 cm), large female (2.9 cm), small male (1.6 cm) and small female (1.8 cm). These sequences showed ≤2.5% divergence among each other and ≤2.5 divergence with the DNA barcode confirming that the four specimens of different sizes belonged to same species and variation was due to size-polymorphism.

Keywords

Deoxyribonucleic acid barcoding Mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase-1 primers Stromatium barbatum Morphometric analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We sincerely thank Dr. Hement V. Ghate for the help rendered for the taxonomic identification of the specimens. Authors are also thankful to Sree Gayathree Selvantharan, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen for sending images of type specimens.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajendra S. Jadhav
    • 1
    • 2
  • Deependra S. Yadav
    • 1
  • Amala Udaykumar
    • 1
  • Indu S. Sawant
    • 1
  • Shashikant B. Ghule
    • 1
  • Akshay M. Bhosale
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-National Research Centre for GrapesManjri, PuneIndia
  2. 2.Department of Agrochemicals and Pest ManagementShivaji UniversityKolhapurIndia

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