Protichneumon pisorius (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae)—The First Record From India
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Protichneumon pisorius Linnaeus (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata., Laurnetii Salvii, Holmiae, 824 pp 1758) is reported for the first time from India. A brief diagnosis and images of the species are provided to validate this new faunal record from India. Ichneumonidae is one of the largest families of the Hymenoptera with over 39 subfamilies. The number of valid species of Ichneumonidae is about 25,292 however, the number of described species is 35,660 which includes over 10,000 junior synonyms [2, Yu, personal communication]. The genus Protichneumon belongs to the subtribe Protichneumonina (Ichneumonidae: Ichneumoninae: Protichneumonini) and include 23 valid species, mostly of Holarctic origin found in the Oriental Zone in the highlands [boreal-mountain species; 2, 3]. Recently some authors have moved the genus Heresiarches to Protichneumonini tribe and, under the Code (priority), renamed tribe Protichneumonini into Heresiarchini. However, this opinion is mostly disagreed and still debatable with Heresiarchini been considered as an independent tribe [Tereshkin, personal communication]. The members of the genus Protichneumon are recognized by their prominent size (15–20 mm), drab coloration and shares most similarities with species of genus Coelichneumon. These insects specialize in parasitizing the Sphingidae, Arctiidae, Lymantriidae, Notodontidae, Noctuidae, Geometridae, Pyralidae and Tortricidae moths Tereshkin (Linzer biologische Beiträge 41(2):1317–1608, 2009), Heinrich (Arthropods of Florida and neigboring areas. Vol 9—Ichneumoninae of Florida and neighboring states. Florida Departament of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Contribution 400:1–350, 1977).
KeywordsHymenoptera Protichneumon pisorius India Kashmir valley New record
Financial assistance rendered by the University Grants Commission, Govt. of India, New Delhi, under the D.S. Kothari Postdoctoral Fellowship (No. F.4-2/2006 (BSR)/BL/13-14/0148) is gratefully acknowledged. The second author would like to thank Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India, New Delhi, for research encouragement and financial assistance rendered via; N-PDF Fellowship program (No. PDF/2015/000866). The authors are sincerely thankful to Dicky Sick Ki Yu and Alexander Tereshkin for their help with the important literature and confirmation of this species as new faunal record of India. We also thank anonymous reviewers for helpful comments and suggestions about the manuscript.
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