Advertisement

Effect of Growth Regulators on Germination of Dipcadi erythraeum, an Endemic and Threatened Bulbous Medicinal Plant

  • ANUPAMA SAGAR
  • PAWAN K. KASERAEmail author
Short Communication
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

Dipcadi erythraeum is an important medicinal bulbous plant of the Indian arid zone under endemic and threatened category. So, it is necessary to cultivate it at large scale for its conservation. As plant growth regulators are known to improve germination percentage, the present research has been conducted to investigate the effect of different concentrations of plant growth regulators such as gibberellic acid, indole-3-acetic acid and indole butyric acid on various parameters of seed germination and seedling growth of D. erythraeum. The different parameters such as viability, reproductive capacity, seed output, germination percentage, vigour index and germination value were taken. The results revealed that seeds pre-treated with growth regulators improved germination and other parameters as compared to control.

Keywords

Dipcadi erythraeum Seed germination Vigour index Seedling growth 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to the Professor and Head, Department of Botany, JNV University, Jodhpur, for providing necessary facilities. Financial support from the UGC, New Delhi, in the form of UGC-(SAP-II)-CAS {No. F. 5-1/2013 (SAP-II) dated 03.01.2014} is gratefully acknowledged. The first author is grateful to CSIR, New Delhi, for financial assistance {No. 09/098(0112)/2012 EMR-1; dated 16.01.2012} in the form of NET-SRF fellowship.

References

  1. 1.
    El- Shabrawy MO, Marzouk MM, Kawashty SA, Hosni HA, El-Garf IA, Saleh NAM (2016) Flavonoid constituents of Dipcadi erythraeum Webb. & Berthel. Asian Pac J Trop Dis 6:404–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bhandari MM (1990) Flora of Indian desert. MPS Repros, Scientific Publishers, JodhpurGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Anonymous A (2006) The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial Products. CSIR, New Delhi, pp D–EGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Amen RD (1963) The concept of seed dormancy. Am Sci 51:408–424Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Basra SMA, Farooq M, Hafeez K, Ahmad N (2004) Osmohardening: a new technique for rice seed invigoration. Int Rice Res Notes 29:80–81Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bray CM, Davison PA, Ashraf M, Taylor RM (1989) Biochemical changes during osmopriming of leek seeds. Ann Bot 63:185–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Basra SMA, Farooq M, Tabassum R, Ahmed N (2005) Physiological and biochemical aspects of seed vigour enhancement treatments in fine rice (Oryza sativa L.). Seed Sci Technol 33:623–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Heydecker W, Coolbear P (1977) Seed treatments for improved performance survey and attempted prognosis. Seed Sci Technol 5:353–375Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chauhan JS, Tomar YK, Indrakumar Singh N, Ali S, Debarati A (2009) Effect of growth hormones on seed germination and seedling growth of black gram and horse gram. Am Sci 5:79–84Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Porter RH, Durell M, Room HJ (1947) The use of 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride as a measure of seed germinability. Plant Physiol 22:149–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Salisbury EJ (1942) The reproductive capacity of plants. G. Bell & Sons, LondonGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Czabator FJ (1962) Germination value: an index combining speed and completeness of pine seed germination. Forest Sci 8:386–396Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Abdul-Baki AA, Anderson JD (1973) Vigour determination in soyabean seed by multiple criteria. Crop Sci 13:630–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gomez KA, Gomez AA (1984) Statistical procedures for agricultural research, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dhoran VS, Gudadhe SP (2012) Effect of plant growth regulators on seed germination and seedling vigour in Asparagus sprengeri Regelin. Int Res J Biol Sci 1:6–10Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Thakur A, Himangini (2015) Revival of germination and vigour of aged seeds of Withania somnifera by seeds invigoration treatment. Indian J Plant Physiol 20:391–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Raghav A, Kasera PK (2012) Seed germination behaviour of Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari) under in vivo and in vitro conditions. Asian J Plant Sci Res 2:409–413Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bewley JD, Hampel FD, Mac Cormick S, Zambryki P (2000) Reproductive development. In: Buchnan B, Gruissem W, Jones R (eds) Biochemistry and molecular biology of plants. Am Soc Plant Physiol, USAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Plant Ecology, Department of Botany, Center of Advanced StudyJai Narain Vyas UniversityJodhpurIndia

Personalised recommendations