Advertisement

National Academy Science Letters

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 199–204 | Cite as

Evaluation of Natural Carotenoid Sources from Rosa hybrida Varieties on Growth and Pigmentation of Goldfish (Carassius auratus L.)

  • Fernandes Danielle
  • S. A. SafeenaEmail author
  • N. Manju Lekshmi
  • Soma Chaki
  • G. B. Sreekanth
  • Narendra Pratap Singh
Short Communication
  • 52 Downloads

Abstract

The commercial value of goldfish (Carassius auratus) is determined by its attractive colour. Fish cannot synthesize carotenoids, and hence, natural sources of carotenoids are supplemented in the diet. In this study, rose petal meal from four varieties (Jubileums, Brisbane blush, Double delight and Restless) was added in three concentrations (2, 4 and 6 gkg−1) to the formulated control feed and fed to the goldfish, for 45 days. The results revealed that dietary carotenoids had a significant effect (P < 0.001) on growth and pigmentation of goldfish. Increase in length and pigmentation was proportionate to concentration of supplements, 6 gkg−1 being most effective. The maximum increase in weight was observed at 4 gkg−1 concentration of supplements, with a limiting effect at higher concentrations. Research on the use of natural sources of carotenoids to influence growth and colouration is a significant development for the ornamental fisheries sector, to enhance quality and market value.

Keywords

Rosa hybrida Carassius auratus Carotenoid Formulated control feed Pigmentation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are highly grateful to Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) for providing necessary facilities. The authors are also thankful to ICAR-Central Coastal Agricultural Research Institute, Goa, from where the study was conducted.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest in publication of this research article.

References

  1. 1.
    Jebaraja KJ, Sivakumar V, Kumaraguru Vasagam KP (2012) Vegetable products as dietary pigment sources for juvenile goldfish, Carassius auratus. Isreali J Aquac Bamidgeh 65:1–2Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Matsuno T (1991) Xanthophylls as precursors of retinoids. Pure Appl Chem 63(1):81–88MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Torrissen OJ, Christiansen R (1995) Requirements for carotenoids in fish diets. J Appl Ichthyol 11(3–4):225–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Velasco-Santamaría Y, Corredor-Santamaría W (2011) Nutritional requirements of freshwater ornamental fish: a review. Revista MVZ Córdoba 16(2):2458–2469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wägele J-W (1990) Growth in captivity and aspects of reproductive biology of the Antarctic fish parasite Aega antarctica (Crustacea, Isopoda). Polar Biol 10(7):521–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gomes E, Dias J, Silva P, Valente L, Empis J, Gouveia L, Bowen J, Young A (2002) Utilization of natural and synthetic sources of carotenoids in the skin pigmentation of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). Eur Food Res Technol 214(4):287–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    García-Chavarría M, Lara-Flores M (2013) The use of carotenoid in aquaculture. Res J Fish Hydrobiol 8(2):38–49Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Livengood EJ, Chapman A (2007) The ornamental fish trade: an introduction with perspectives for responsible aquarium fish ownership. Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Florida. Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of FloridaGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Olson JA, Gunning DB, Tilton RA (1984) Liver concentrations of vitamin A and carotenoids, as a function of age and other parameters, of American children who died of various causes. Am J Clin Nutr 39(6):903–910CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    SAS Institute (2012) SAS/STAT. User’s guide, version 9.2, vol 1, 4th edn. SAS Institute, CaryGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ezhil J, Jeyanthi C, Narayanan M (2008) Marigold as a carotenoid source on pigmentation and growth of red swordtail, Xiphophorus helleri. Turk J Fish Aquat Sci 8:99–102Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sommer TR, D’souza FML, Morrissey NM (1992) Pigmentation of adult rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) using the green algae (Haematococcus pluvialis). Aquaculture 106:63–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Büyükçapar HM, Yanar M, Yanar Y (2007) Pigmentation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) with carotenoids from marigold flower (Tagetes erecta) and red pepper (Capsicum annum). Turk J Vet Anim Sci 31(1):7–12Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lim C (1989) Utilization of plant protein by warm water fish. In: Proceedings of the world congress on vegetable protein utilization in human foods and animal feedstuffs. American Oil Chemists Society, pp 245–251Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernandes Danielle
    • 1
  • S. A. Safeena
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. Manju Lekshmi
    • 1
  • Soma Chaki
    • 1
  • G. B. Sreekanth
    • 1
  • Narendra Pratap Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-Directorate of Floricultural ResearchPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations