National Academy Science Letters

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 209–213 | Cite as

New record of the starry flying gurnard, Dactyloptena peterseni (Scorpaeniformes; Dactylopteridae); from Wadge Bank, Southwest coast of India

  • K. KaruppasamyEmail author
  • S. Davidkingston
  • P. Jawahar
  • L. Ranjith
  • A. Kathirvelpandian
  • S. Aanand
Short Communication


Five specimens of dactylopterids measuring 220.5–320.0 mm standard length caught commercial trawler fishing in 80–120 m deep waters of Wadge Bank off Kanyakumari coast (8.02 N, 76.80 E) were collected from the landing centre at Jeppiaar fishing harbour, Muttom, Southwest coast of India. The specimens were identified as Dactyloptena peterseni (Nystrom, 1887) on the basis of morphometric measurements and the key identification character like absence of second free spine between the occipital and the first dorsal spine. The occurrence of the species suggests that the extended distribution of D. peterseni to Southwest coast of India. The detailed morphometric and meristic characters are described and discussed in this paper. Molecular identification was done by using partial sequence of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase sub-unit I gene for confirmation of the species.


Dactylopterids Flying/helmet gurnards Kanyakumari coast Distribution 



The authors are very grateful to the Tamil Nadu Dr. J. Jayalalithaa Fisheries University (TNJFU) provided the financial supports. The authors express heartfelt thanks to the Dean of Fisheries College and Research Institute, Thoothukudi for the encouragement during the course of this study. The authors also wishes to acknowledge the online GIS program MAPTOOL, provided by


  1. 1.
    Eschmeyer WN, Dempster LJ (1990) Dactylopteridae. In: Quero JC, Hureau, Karrer CA, Post and Saldanha L eds. Clofeta II. Checklist of the fishes of the eastern tropical, Atlantic. California Academy of Sciences, Vol. 2. UNESCO Paris pp 690–691Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Washington BB, Eschmeyer WN, Howe KM (1984) Scorpaeniforms: relationships Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. Am Soc Ichthyo Herp Special Pub I:438–477Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nelson JS (1994) Fishes of the world, 3rd edn. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hubbs CL (1933) Observations on the flight of fishes, with a statistical study of the flight of the Cypselurinae and remarks on the evolution of the flight fishes. Pap Mich Acad Sci Arts Lett 17:575–611Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Eschmeyer WN, Fong JD (2016) Species of Fishes by family/subfamily electronic database accessible at Accessed 22 Jan 2016
  6. 6.
    Salvi PS, Deshmukh VD (1965) Landings of flying gurnard in Mumbai. Mar Fish Infor Serv Techn Ext Ser 205:20Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Eschmeyer WN (1986) Family no. 159: dactylopteridae. In: Smith MM, Heemstra PC (eds) Smith’s sea fishes. Macmillian, South Africa. 1990. Catalogue of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, p 490Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eschmeyer WN (1997) A new species of Dactylopteridae (Pisces) from the Philippines and Australia, with a brief synopsis of the family. Bull Mar Sci 60:727–738Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jordan DS, Richardson RE (1908) A review of the flat-heads, gurnards, and other mail-cheeked fishes of the waters of Japan. Proc U S Natl Mus 33:629–670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Froese R, Pauly D (2016) Fish base. In: World Wide Web electronic publication., version
  11. 11.
    Jones S (1965) Comments on the so called rare marine fishes of the genera Dactyloptena Jordan and Richardson and Lepidotrigla Gunther recently reported from Madras. Mar Biol Assoc India 7(1):124–126Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Smith JLB (1961) The sea fishes of Southern Africa, 4th en. Cape TownGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ward RD, Zemlak TS, Innes BH, Last PR, Hebert PDN (2005) DNA barcoding Australia’s fish species. Philos Trans R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 360:1847–1857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kimura M (1980) A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. J Mol Evol 16:111–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tamura K, Stecher G, Peterson D, Filipski A, Kumar S (2013) MEGA6: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 6.0. Mol Biol Evol 30:2725–2729CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Saitou N, Nei M (1987) The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evol 4:406–425Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Silas EG (1965) Exploratory fishing by R.V. Varuna. Cent Mar Fish Res Inst Bull 12:1–86Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ranjith L, Kannan K, Joshi KK, Vinod K (2016) Range extension of the Titan Cardinalfish, Holapogon maximus (Boulenger, 1888) in the Southern Coast of India. Natl Acad Sci Lett 39(2):95–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kannan K, Ranjith L, Joshi KK, Sajan J (2014) First record of Grammonus robustus Smith and Radcliffe, 1913 (Ophidiiformes: Bythitidae) from Indian waters. Mar Biodivers Rec 7(57):1–4Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The National Academy of Sciences, India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fisheries College and Research InstituteTNFUThoothukudiIndia
  2. 2.Fisheries Training and Research CentreTNFUParakkai, KanyakumariIndia
  3. 3.Tuticorin Research CentreCMFRIThoothukudiIndia
  4. 4.Peninsular and Marine Fish Genetic Resources, CMFRI-CampusNBFGRKochiIndia

Personalised recommendations