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, Volume 80, Issue 11, pp 94–98 | Cite as

Reference Fuel Cell System for Electric Vehicles

  • Nico SchickEmail author
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In the context of high climate targets and the resulting emissions legislation, fuel cell electric vehicles are becoming more and more important. These vehicles are powered primarily by polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. Significant merits are short tank times and relatively high ranges. Different fuel cell systems are installed in such vehicles depending on the requirements [1]. This article describes the common fuel cell technology as well as the essential components and the reaction behavior of a reference fuel cell system for electric drives.

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell

The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cell is most commonly used system in practice, especially in vehicles. The operating temperature is about 80 °C and the electrical efficiency 50 to 70 %. Hydrogen is used as fuel and oxygen from the ambient air as oxidizing agent. Furthermore, a proton-conducting polymer is used as electrolyte. From a theoretical point of view, a PEM fuel cell can produce...

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© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hochschule EsslingenEsslingenGermany

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